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APA Style (6th Edition) Citation Guide: Books & Ebooks

Formatting

Note: All citations should be double spaced and have a hanging indent in a Reference List.

A "hanging indent" means that each subsequent line after the first line of your citation should be indented by 0.5 inches.

Below is a link to an APA sample paper that contains instructions about how to format a hanging indent in a paper.

Tips

Authors/Editors

An author won't necessarily be a person's name. It may be an organization or company, for example Health Canada. These are called group or corporate authors.

If a book has no author or editor, begin the citation with the book title, followed by the year of publication in round brackets.

If an author is also the publisher, put the word "Author" where you'd normally put the publisher name. This happens most often with corporate or group authors.

When a book has one to seven authors or editors, all authors' names are cited in the Reference List entry. When a book has eight or more authors or editors, list the first six authors followed by three spaced ellipse points (. . .) , and then the last author's name. Rules are different for in-text citations; please see the examples provided.

Titles

Capitalize the first letter of the first word of the title. If there is a colon (:) in the title, also capitalize the first letter of the first word after the colon.

Capitalize the first letter of proper names in titles, such as names of places or people. 

Italicize titles of journals, magazines, newspapers, and books. Do not italicize the titles of articles or book chapters.

Capitalize only the first letter of the first word of the article title. If there is a colon in the article title, also capitalize the first letter of the first word after the colon.

Place of Publication

For cities in the US and Canada list the city name and the province or state code. For other countries, list the city name and the country. Examples: Toronto, ON ; Tokyo, Japan

Electronic Books

Don't include the place of publication or a publisher for an electronic book (ebook). Instead follow the rules below:​

Ebooks from Websites (not from library databases)

If an ebook from a website was originally published in print, give the author, year, title, edition (if given) and the url. If it was never published in print, treat it like a multi-page website.

Book In Print With One Author

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial if Given. (Year of Publication). Title of book: Subtitle if given (edition if given and is not first edition). Publication City, State or Country: Publisher Name often shortened.

Note: For other countries, list the city name and the country.

Example

Mulholland, K. (2003). Class, gender and the family business. New York, NY: Palgrave McMillan.

Note: For cities in the US and Canada list the city name and the province or state code. For other countries, list the city name and the country.

In-Text Paraphrase

(Author's Last Name, Year)

Example: (Mulholland, 2003)

In-Text Quote

(Author's Last Name, Year, p. Page Number)

Example: (Mulholland, 2003, p. 70)

Book in Print More Than One Author

Last Name of First Author, First Initial. Second Initial if Given, & Last Name of Second Author, First Initial. Second Initial if Given. (Year of Publication). Title of book: Subtitle if given (edition if given and is not first edition). Publication City, State or Country: Publisher Name often shortened.

Note: Authors' names are separated by commas. Put a comma and an ampersand (&) before the name of the last author cited.

For other countries, list the city name and the country.

Example

Kaakinen, J., Coehlo, D., Steele, R., Tabacco, L., & Hanson, H. (2015). Family health care nursing: Theory, practice, and research (5th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Company.

Note: For cities in the US and Canada list the city name and the province or state code. For other countries, list the city name and the country.

In-text

Number of Authors/Editors

First Time Paraphrased

Second and Subsequent Times Paraphrased

First Time Quoting

Second and Subsequent Times Quoting

Two

(Kaakinen &Coehlo, 2015)

(Kaakinen & Coehlo, 2015)

(Kaakinen & Coehlo, 2015, p. 57)

(Kaakinen & Coehlo, 2015, 2011, p. 57)

Three to Five

(Kaakinen, Coehlo, & Steele 2015)

(Kaakinen et al., 2015)

(Kaakinen, Coehlo, & Steele, 2015, p. 57)

(Kaakinen et al., 2015, p. 57)

Six or More

(Kaakinen et al., 2015)

(Kaakinen et al., 2015)

(Kaakinen et al., 2015, p. 57)

(Kaakinen et al., 2015, p. 57)

eBook

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial if Given. (Year of Publication). Title of book: Subtitle if given (edition if given and is not first edition) [Name of Electronic Book Provider or Device version if any, e.g. Google Books version, Kobo version]. Retrieved from URL

Electronic versions: remove publication data and include [Retrieved from: URL] or doi:[DOI].

Example from Website

Rhode, D. L. (2002). Divorce, American style. Retrieved from http://www.escholarship.org/editions/view?docId=kt9z09q84w;brand=ucpress

 

In-Text Paraphrase

(Author's Last Name, Year)

Example: (Rhode, 2002)

 

In-Text Quote

(Author's Last Name, Year, p. Page Number)

Example: (Rhode, 2002, p. 101)

No Author

If no author or creator is provided, start the citation with the title/name of the item you are citing instead. Follow the title/name of the item with the date of publication, and the continue with other citation details.

Remember: an author/creator may be an organization or corporation, for example Health Canada. If you don't have a person's name as the author, but do have the name of an organization or corporation, put that organization/corporation's name as the author.

Anonymous

If and only if an item is signed as being created by Anonymous, use "Anonymous" where you'd normally put the author's name.

In-Text

When you have no author, use a shortened version of the title where you'd normally put the author's name.

If you're citing something which is part of a bigger work, like an article from a magazine, newspaper, journal, encyclopedia, or chapter/short story from a book, put the shortened title in quotation marks in your in-text citation:

Example, paraphrase: ("A few words," 2014)

If you're citing an entire work, like a book, website, video, etc., italicize the shortened title in your in-text citation:

Example, paraphrase: (A few words, 2014)

Chapters, Short Stories, Essays, or Articles From a Book (Anthology or Collection)

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial if Given. (Year of Publication). Title of chapter, article, essay or short story. In Editor's First Initial. Second Initial if Given. Editor's Last Name (Ed.), Title of book: Subtitle if given (edition if given and is not first edition, pp. first page number-last page number). Publication City, State or Country: Publisher Name often shortened.

Note: If you have more than one editor list their name(s) after the first editor listed in the book, giving their initials and last name. Put an ampersand (&) before the last editor's name.

When you have one editor the short form (Ed.) is used after the editor's name. If you have more than one editor use (Eds.) instead.

For other countries, list the city name and the country.

Example

O'Neil, J. M., & Egan, J. (1992). Men's and women's gender role journeys: A metaphor for healing, transition, and transformation. In B. R. Wainrib (Ed.), Gender issues across the life cycle (pp. 107-123). New York, NY: Springer. 

Note: If there is no editor given you may leave out that part of the citation.

In-Text Paraphrase

(Author's Last Name, Year) 

Example (2 authors): (O'Neil & Egan, 1992)

In-Text Quote

(Author's Last Name, Year, p. Page Number) 

Example (2 authors): (O'Neil & Egan, 1992, p. 998)

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