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APA Style (6th Edition) Citation Guide: Websites

Formatting

Note: All citations should be double spaced and have a hanging indent in a Reference List.

A "hanging indent" means that each subsequent line after the first line of your citation should be indented by 0.5 inches.

Below is a link to an APA sample paper that contains instructions about how to format a hanging indent in a paper.

Tips

Author

It can sometimes be difficult to find out who the author of a website is. Remember that an author can be a corporation or group, not only a specific person. Author information can sometimes be found under an "About" section on a website.

If there is no known author, start the citation with the title of the website instead.

Date

The best date to use for a website is the date that the content was last updated. Otherwise look for a copyright or original publication date. Unfortunately this information may not be provided or may be hard to find. Often date information is put on the bottom of the pages of a website.

If you do not know the complete date, put as much information as you can find. For example you may have a year but no month or day.

If there is no date provided, put the letters (n.d.) in round brackets where you'd normally put the date.

Title

Titles should be italicized when the document stands alone (e.g. books, reports, websites, etc.), but not when it is part of a greater whole (e.g. chapters, articles, webpages, etc.).

Retrieval Date

If the content of a website is likely to change over time (e.g. Wikis), you must provide the date you last visited the website.

Long URLs

If a URL is too long to fit onto one line, try to break it at a slash (/).

Entire Website - No Separate Pages or Sections

Created by a Corporation, Institution or Group:

Corporation/Group/Organization Name. (Year website was last updated/published, Month Day if given). Title of website. Retrieved Month Day,Year site was last viewed (if content is likely to change over time), from URL

Example

University of Portland. (n.d.). University of Portland. Retrieved February 22, 2018, from https://www.up.edu/index.html

Note: As this content is likely to change over time, the date the website was viewed was included in the retrieval information.

In-Text Paraphrase

(Corporation/Group Name, Year)

Example: (University of Portland, n.d.)

Note: Since this website does not include any publication date, the date information is written as n.d. (no date).

In-Text Quote

(Corporation/Group Name, Year, Section Name section, para. Paragraph Number if more than one paragraph in section)

Example: (University of Portland, n.d., Our Story section)

Note: When there are no visible page numbers or paragraph numbers, you may cite the section heading and the number of the paragraph in that section to identify where your quote came from. In this example there is only one paragraph under the specific heading, so no paragraph number is needed.


Created by an Individual Author:

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial if Given. (Year website was updated/published, Month Day if given). Title of website. Retrieved Month Day, Year site was last viewed (if content likely to change over time), from URL

Example

Mabillard, A. (2011, December 29). Shakespeare online. Retrieved June 19, 2012, from http://www.shakespeare-online.com/

Note: As this content is likely to change over time, the date the website was viewed was included in the retrieval information. 

In-Text Paraphrase

(Author's Last Name, Year)

Example: (Mabillard, 2001)

In-Text Quote

(Author's Last Name, Year, Section Name section, para. Paragraph Number if more than one paragraph in section)

Example: (Mabillard, 2001, Elizabethan Fashion Faux Pas section)

Note: When there are no visible page numbers or paragraph numbers, you may cite the section heading and the number of the paragraph in that section to identify where your quote came from. In this example there is only one paragraph under the specific heading, so no paragraph number is needed.

 

Page or Section from a Website

Created by a Corporate or Group Author

Corporation/Group/Organization's Name. (Year website was last updated/published, Month Day if given). Title of page: Subtitle (if any). Retrieved Month Day,Year site was last viewed (if content is likely to change over time), from URL

If the content could change over time, include the Month Day, Year you viewed the site after the word "Retrieved" and before the words "from URL"

Example

University of Portland. (2013). School of Nursing. Retrieved May 13, 2013, from https://nursing.up.edu/

Note: As this content is likely to change over time, the date the website was viewed was included in the retrieval information.

In-Text Paraphrase

(Corporation/Group's Name, Year)

Example: (University of Portland, 2013)

In-Text Quote

(Corporation/Group's Name, year, Section Name section, para. Paragraph Number if more than one paragraph in section)

Example: (University of Portland, 2013, School of nursing section, para. 2)

Note: When there are no visible page numbers or paragraph numbers, you may cite the section heading and the number of the paragraph in that section to identify where your quote came from.


Created by an Individual Author 

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial if Given. (Year website was last updated/published, Month Day if given). Title of page: Subtitle (if any). Retrieved Month Day, Year site was last viewed (if content is likely to change over time), from URL

If the content could change over time, include the Month Day, Year you viewed the site after the word "Retrieved" and before the words "from URL"

Example

Shillam, S. (2018). Message from the Dean. Retrieved February 17, 2018, from https://nursing.up.edu/about/index.html

Note: As this content is likely to change over time, the date the website was viewed was included in the retrieval information.

In-Text Paraphrase

(Author Last Name, Year)

Example: (Shillam, 2018)

In-Text Quote

(Author Last Name, Year, Section Name section, para. Paragraph Number if more than one paragraph in section)

Example: (Shillam, 2018, Message from the dean section, para. 2)

Note: When there are no visible page numbers or paragraph numbers, you may cite the section heading and the number of the paragraph in that section to identify where your quote came from.


Created by an Unknown Author 

Title of page: Subtitle (if any). (Year website was last updated/published, Month Day if given). Retrieved Month Day,Year site was last viewed (if content is likely to change over time), from URL

If the content could change over time, include the Month Day, Year you viewed the site after the word "Retrieved" and before the words "from URL"

Example

Undergraduate programs. (2018). Retrieved February 17, 2018, from https://www.up.edu/academics/majors-and-minors.html

Note: As this content is likely to change over time, the date the website was viewed was included in the retrieval information.

In-Text Paraphrase

("Title," Year)

Example: ("Undergraduate Programs," 2018)

In-Text Quote

("Title," Year, Section Name section, para. Paragraph Number if more than one paragraph in section)

Example: ("Undergraduate Programs," 2018, Majors)

Note: When there are no visible page numbers or paragraph numbers, you may cite the section heading and the number of the paragraph in that section to identify where your quote came from. In this example, there is only one paragraph under the specific heading, so no paragraph number is needed.

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