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University of Portland Clark Library

Text Descriptions of Images in Guides

Types of Plagiarism

10 Types of Plagiarism Ordered from Most to Least Severe

1. Clone:

An act of submitting another's work, word-for-word, as one's own.

2. CTRL-C:

A written piece that contains significant portions of text from a single source without alterations.

3. Find-Replace:

The act of changing keywords and phrases but retaining the essential content of the source in a paper.

4. Remix:

An act of paraphrasing from other sources and making the content fit together seamlessly.

5. Recycle:

The act of borrowing generously from one's own previous work without citation; To self plagiarize.

6. Hybrid:

The act of combining perfectly cited sources with copied passages--without a citation--on one paper.

7. Mashup:

A paper that represents a mix of copied material from several different sources without proper citation.

8. 404 Error:

A written piece that includes citations to non-existent or inaccurate information about sources.

9. Aggregator:

The "Aggregator" includes proper citation, but the paper contains almost no original work.

10. Re-tweet:

This paper includes proper citation, but relies too closely on the text's original wording and/or structure.

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