This page contains enriched content visible when JavaScript is enabled or by clicking here. Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

University of Portland Clark Library

Text Descriptions of Images in Guides

Types of Plagiarism

10 Types of Plagiarism Ordered from Most to Least Severe

1. Clone:

An act of submitting another's work, word-for-word, as one's own.

2. CTRL-C:

A written piece that contains significant portions of text from a single source without alterations.

3. Find-Replace:

The act of changing keywords and phrases but retaining the essential content of the source in a paper.

4. Remix:

An act of paraphrasing from other sources and making the content fit together seamlessly.

5. Recycle:

The act of borrowing generously from one's own previous work without citation; To self plagiarize.

6. Hybrid:

The act of combining perfectly cited sources with copied passages--without a citation--on one paper.

7. Mashup:

A paper that represents a mix of copied material from several different sources without proper citation.

8. 404 Error:

A written piece that includes citations to non-existent or inaccurate information about sources.

9. Aggregator:

The "Aggregator" includes proper citation, but the paper contains almost no original work.

10. Re-tweet:

This paper includes proper citation, but relies too closely on the text's original wording and/or structure. | 503.943.7111 or 800.841.8261 | 5000 N. Willamette Blvd., Portland, OR 97203-5798
© 2020 University of Portland, All Rights Reserved | Icons made by Freepik from