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University of Portland Clark Library

MLA Style (8th Edition) Citation Guide: How to Cite: Other

Formatting

Note: For your Works Cited list, all citations should be double spaced and have a hanging indent.

A "hanging indent" means that each subsequent line after the first line of your citation should be indented by 0.5 inches.

Class Handouts

Online

Instructor's Last Name, First Name. "Title of Handouts/Notes." Name of Course, Date handout was received, University/College, URL. Access date. Class handout.

Works Cited List Example:

Easton, Todd. “Model Paper.” Economics 121, 10 Apr. 2019, University of Portland, learning.up.edu/moodle/mod/resource/view.php?id=544855. Accessed 15 May 2019. Class handout.  

In-Text Citation Example:

 (Instructor's Last Name)

 Example: (Easton)


Print

Instructor's Last Name, First Name. "Title of Handouts/Notes." Name of Course, Date handout was received, University/College. Class handout.

Works Cited List Example:

Doe, Mark. "Critical Analysis." English 100, 4 Sept. 2016, University of Portland. Class handout.

In-Text Citation Example:

 (Instructor's Last Name)

 Example: (Doe)

Conference Proceedings or Presentation

Published Conference Proceedings

Author's Last Name, First Name. Conference Title, Conference Date and Location, Publisher, Date of Publication.

Works Cited List Example:

Chang, Steve S., et al., editors. Proceedings of the Twenty-Fifth Annual Meeting of th eBerekeley Linguistics Society, February 12-15, 1999: General Session and Parasession on Loan Word Phenomena. Berkeley Lunguistics Society, 2000.


Oral Presentation at Conference

Speaker's Last Name, First Name. "Title of Speech." Title of Conference or Meeting, Day Month, Year, Location of Conference. Descriptor (i.e. Keynote Address, Guest Lecture, Conference Presentation, Address, Lecture, Reading). 

Works Cited List Example:

Stein, Bob. “Reading and Writing in the Digital Era.” Discovering Digital Dimensions, Computers and Writing Conference, 23 May 2003, Union Club Hotel, West Lafayette, IN. Keynote Address.

Dissertations

Dissertation from Database

Author's Last Name, First Name Middle Name (if given). Title of Dissertation: Subtitle if Given. Year. PhD dissertation. Database Name.

Example:

Smith, Junette A. A Bridge to Neuroeducation: A Qualitative Study of Perceptions of Educators of Adult Learners. 2017. PhD dissertation. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.

In-Text Citation Example:

(Author's Last Name Page Number)

Example: (Smith 33)


Dissertation Abstract

Author's Last Name, First Name Middle Name (if given). Title of dissertation: Subtitle if given. Dissertation Abstracts International, vol. Volume Number, no. Issue Number, Date of Publication, pp. First Page Number-Last Page Number. Name of Database, URL

Example:

Brooks, Mary Patrice. (2008). The History of St. Joseph School and Challenges of Catholic Education in Oregon. Dissertation Abstracts International, vol. 69, no. 6, 2008, pp. 2184–2185. America: History & Life, login.ezproxy-eres.up.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ahl&AN=46957249&login.asp%3fcustid%3ds8474154&site=ehost-live&scope=site

In-Text Citation Example:

(Author Page Number)

Example: (Brooks 2185)

ERIC Document

Author's Last Name, First Name Middle Name (if given). "Title of document: Subtitle if given." Date of Publication. Database Name. (ERIC document number).


Works Cited List Example:

Kubota, Kenichi. “‘Soaking’ Model for Learning: Analyzing Japanese Learning/Teaching Process from a Socio-Historical Perspective.” 2007. ERIC (ED498566).

In-Text Citation Example:

Example: (Kubota 4)

Note: this document is a PDF so page numbers are available.

Image

Image from a Website

Artist's Last Name, First Name. Title of Work: Subtitle if Any. Year, Location of Work, URL.

Works Cited List Example:

Goya, Francisco. The Family of Charles IV. 1800. Museo del Prado, museodelprado.es/en/the-collection/art-work/the-family-of-carlos-iv/f47898fc-aa1c-48f6-a779-71759e417e74.

In-Text Citation Example:

(Artist's Last Name)

Example: (Goya)

Note: For images found online, do not list a page number.

If the artist is not named, use a shortened version of the title (usually just 1-2 significant words): (“Title").


Image from a Book

When you refer to a photographic reproduction of an artwork, the citation is made up of two parts:

  • Part 1: Lists the original artist's name, the name of the work, and the date the work was created. 
  • Part 2: Cites where you found the reproduction of the work such as a book. 

Artist's Last Name, First Name. Title of Work: Subtitle if Any. Year, Location of Work. Book Title, by Author's First Name Last Name, Publisher Name often shortened, Year of publication, p. number.

Works Cited List Example:

Cassatt, Mary. Mother and Child. 1889, Wichita Art Museum, Wichita, KS. American Painting,1560-1913, by John Pearce, McGraw, 1964, Slide 22. 

In-Text Citation Example:

(Artist's Last Name, Page Number)

If the artist is not named, use a shortened version of the title (usually just 1-2 significant words): (“Title," Page Number).

Example: (Cassatt, slide 22)


Image from a Library Database

Artist's Last Name, First Name. Title of Work: Subtitle if Any. Year, Location of Work. Database Title, URL.

Works Cited List Example:

Monet, Claude. The Parc Monceau. 1878. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City. Artstor, library.artstor.org/library/secure/ViewImages?id=%2FDFMaiMuOztdLS0wdD5%2BR3su&userId=gDhMeDUs&zoomparams=.

In-Text Citation Example:

(Artist's Last Name)

Example: (Monet)

Note: For images found online, do not list a page number.

If the artist is not named, use a shortened version of the title (usually just 1-2 significant words): (“Title"). Example: ("Sunday Afternoon")

Instrument

Works Cited List Example:

Beck, Aaron T., et al. “Beck Depression Inventory–II.” PsycTESTS, 1996. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1037/t00742-000.

In-Text Citation Example:

 Example: (Beck et al. 1996)

Lecture Notes (taken by a student or otherwise not public)

Instructor's Last Name, First Name. "Title of Lecture." Name of Course, Date lecture occurred, University/College. Class lecture.


Works Cited List Example:

Aihiokhai, Simon. “Christian Spirituality.” THE 105, 18 Jan. 2017, University of Portland. Class lecture.

In-Text Citation Example:

 (Instructor's Last Name)

 Example: (Aihiokhai)

Mintel or Other Corporate Report

Works Cited List Example:

Mintel Group Ltd. “Car Rentals – US.” Mintel Academic, July 2018, academic.mintel.com. 

In-Text Citation Example:

 Example: (Mintel)

Music Score

Composer Last Name, First Name. Title of Work. Version, Publisher, Publication Date. 


Works Cited List Example:

Beethoven, Ludwig van. Corolian Ouverture: op. 62. Heugel, 1951. 

In-Text Citation Example:

(Composer's Last Name Page Number)

(Beethoven 11)

Personal/Unpublished Works/Blogs

 

Author's Last Name, First Name or Username if real name not provided. "Title of Blog Post." Name of Blog, Blog Network/Publisher if given, Day Month Year of blog post, URL of blog post. Accessed Day Month Year blog was visited.


Works Cited List Example:

Brussat, Frederic. “Beyond Ideas of Wrongdoing and Rightdoing.” Civility & Spirituality, 11 Dec. 2014, www.spiritualityandpractice.com/blogs/posts/civilityspirituality/301/beyond-ideas-of-wrongdoing-and-rightdoing. Accessed 12 Jan. 2017.

In-Text Citation Example:

 Example: (Brussat)

Podcast

Host's Last Name, First Name, host. "Title of Podcast Episode." Title of Overall Podcast, season number if given, episode number if given, Web Site Hosting If Different From Podcast Title, Day Month Year of Episode, URL of episode. Accessed Day Month Year podcast was downloaded/played.


Works Cited List Example:

Orton, Tyler, and Patrick Blennerhassett, hosts. "Lessons From the Brexit." BIV Podcast, episode 18, Business Vancouver, 28 June 2016, www.biv.com/article/2016/6/biv-podcast-episode-18-lessons-brexit/. Accessed 2 July 2016.

In-Text Citation Example:

(Host's Last Name Start Time of Revelant Section-End Time of Section)

(Orton and Blennerhassett 01:15-02:22)

PowerPoint Slides

PowerPoint Slides from Moodle

Instructor's Last Name, First Name. "Title of PowerPoint Presentation." Title of Course, Date of PowerPoint presentation, Name of University. Microsoft PowerPoint presentation. 

Works Cited List Example

 Smith, John. "BIO 110: Week 2: Cells." Biology 110, 15 Jan. 2016, University of Portland. Microsoft PowerPoint presentation. 

In-Text Citation Example

 (Instructor's Last Name)

 Example: (Smith, slide 5)

 Note: include the slide number in your in-text citation if you know it. If not, leave it out


PowerPoint Slides from a Website

Author's Last Name, First Name. "Title of PowerPoint Presentation." Website publisher, Creation Date, URL. Microsoft PowerPoint presentation. 

Works Cited List Example

 Kunka, Jennifer Liethen.. "Conquering the Comma." Purdue University Writing Lab, owl.purdue.edu/owl/general_writing/punctuation/conquering_the_comma_presentation.html. Microsoft PowerPoint presentation. 

In-Text Citation Example

 (Author's Last Name)

 Example: (Kunka, slide 2)

 Note: include the slide number in your in-text citation if you know it. If not, leave it out

Review of Book, Play, Movie, Poem, etc.

You can find reviews in multiple source types (newspapers, magazines, journals, etc.); please see elsewhere on this guide for guidance on creating a citation for a specific source. The below citation example is for a play review that appeared on a newspaper website.


This template is for a review in general:

Author's Last Name, First Name. "Title of Review: Subtitle if Any." Review of Play (Book, Movie, etc.) Title, by Playwright (Author, Director, etc.). Name of Periodical, Date of Publication, p. Page number. 

Note: Titles of plays, books, and movies are italicized as shown here; do not italicize titles of articles, poems, and short stories. Instead, put them in quotation marks, e.g., Review of "The Revenant," by Billy Collins.

Note: If the author's name is not listed, begin the citation with the title of the article.


Works Cited List Example

Brantley, Ben. "Dear Audiences of 'Tiny Beautiful Things,' Prepare to Cry." Review of Tiny Beautiful Things, by Nia Vardalos. New York Times, www.nytimes.com/2016/12/07/theater/tiny-beautiful-things-review.html. Accessed 8 Apr. 2020.

In-Text Citation Example

Following guidance for a newspaper article from a website: (Review Author's Last Name)

(Brantley)

Note: If there is no author listed, the in-text citation would include the first word or words of the title of the article in quotation marks, e.g. ("Dear Audiences").


Song or Album

Music can be cited multiple ways. Mainly, this depends on the container that you accessed the music from. Generally, citations begin with the artist name. They might also be listed by composers or performers. Otherwise, list composer and performer information after the album title. Put individual song titles in quotation marks. Album names are italicized. Provide the name of the recording manufacturer followed by the publication date.

If information such as record label or name of album is unavailable from your source, do not list that information.

Spotify

Rae Morris. “Skin.” Cold, Atlantic Records, 2014. Spotify, open.spotify.com/track/0OPES3Tw5r86O6fudK8gxi.

Online Album

Beyoncé. “Pray You Catch Me.” Lemonade, Parkwood Entertainment, 2016, www.beyonce.com/album/lemonade-visual-album/.

CD

Nirvana. "Smells Like Teen Spirit." Nevermind, Geffen, 1991.

Sound recording from Naxos Music Library

Works Cited List Example  

 Orff, Carl. “Fortuna Imperatrix Mundi: O Fortuna.” Carmina Burana. Performed by the London Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by Hans Graf, LPO, 2012, Naxos Music Library, portland.naxosmusiclibrary.com/catalogue/item.asp?cid=5099960230652.

In-Text Citation Example

(Creator's Last Name Page Number)

Example: (Orff)

If there is no creator, use a shortened form of the title (just one or two significant words): (“Title")

For music accessed online, do not list a page number.

Statista

Source of data. Title of document: Subtitle if given. Date of publication, Statista, URL

Note: since Statista is the name of the publisher and the name of the database, cite Statista only as the database name at the end of the citation.


Example

National Park Service. Most visited national parks in the United States in 2018. 13 May 2019, Statista, www-statista-com.ezproxy-eres.up.edu/statistics/378920/most-visited-national-parks-us/

In-Text Citation Example

(Source of data)

Example: (National Park Service)

Twitter (Tweets)

Twitter Handle (First Name Last Name if Known). "The entire tweet word-for-word." Twitter, Day Month Year of Tweet, Time of Tweet, URL.


Works Cited List Example

@ReallyVirtual (Sohaib Athar). "Helicopter hovering above Abbottad at 1AM is a rare event." Twitter,  4 Jan. 2013, 3:58 p.m., twitter.com/reallyvirtual/status/64780730286358528?lang=en.

Note: Write out the actual Tweet in the citation and keep spelling and grammar the same as in the original, even if there are errors.When quoting the Tweet, beside grammatical and spelling errors in the original Tweet, write [sic] in square brackets to indicate the errors are not your own. E.g., if the Tweet was "It isn't you're fault the media is violent", write: "It isn't you're [sic] fault the media is violent."

In-Text Citation Example

(Twitter handle)

(@ReallyVirtual)

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