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University of Portland Clark Library

Today's News: Fact or Fiction: Intro to Fake News

What is Fake News?

According to the fact checking website Politifact, fake news is a "concerted effort by a website or other form of media to fabricate information in order to influence political opinion or win financial gain." Use this LibGuide to help you determine fact from fiction when reading the news or for finding credible sources for your research.

Evaluating News: Test Yourself!

Fake News Terminology


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Center for Countering Digital Hate (2021). Malgorithm: How Instagram's algorithm publishes misinformation and hate to millions during a pandemic.

Huguet, A., Baker, G., Hamilton, L. S., & Pane, J. F. (2021). Media literacy standards to counter truth decay.

Lewandowsky, S., & Cook, J. (2020). The conspiracy theory handbook

Lewandowsky, S., Cook, J., Ecker, U. K. H., Albarracín, D., Amazeen, M. A., Kendeou, P., Lombardi, D., Newman, E. J., Pennycook, G., Porter, E. Rand, D. G., Rapp, D. N., Reifler, J., Roozenbeek, J., Schmid, P., Seifert, C. M., Sinatra, G. M., Swire-Thompson, B., van der Linden, S., Vraga, E. K., Wood, T. J., & Zaragoza, M. S. (2020). The debunking handbook 2020.

Silverman, C. (Ed.) (2020). Verification handbook. European Journalism Centre. | 503.943.7111 or 800.841.8261 | 5000 N. Willamette Blvd., Portland, OR 97203-5798
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