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Tutorials: Transcripts

Advanced Searching for Education Research [Transcript]

Welcome to this tutorial about advanced searching strategies for education research. Today we're going to take a close look at the ERIC database and how to efficiently and effectively search this database. 

Now to access the ERIC database, you can get there from a variety of places through the library's website. I'm going to recommend going to the Research Guides tab on the library's homepage. Either scroll down until you see various education sources that will link to it. Or at the top of the page, follow the link that says by Majors & Minors. And find the Education guide. And ERIC is listed as one of the best bets for education research. It is my starting point, my go-to for finding scholarly journal articles related to education. 

Now, when you first connect to the ERIC database, you reach these search boxes. This is both a hardest part and the most important part of effective and efficient searching. Scholarly databases rely on very specific terminology. And you want to match your terms that you're using to describe your concept to the terms being used by the ERIC database to describe the educational topics that are being written about in the literature. So the way that I recommend doing this is taking a very systematic approach to search for one element or one concept at a time. Come up with the best possible search terms for that concept, and then add the next concept to your search. So we're going to see what that looks like. Let's say my topic is about motivating elementary school students to read. I narrow that down to my main concepts , I have the idea of motivation, reading, and elementary school students. So I want to start with one of the two biggest concepts, either motivation or reading. For today, I'm going to start with motivation. And so I'm going to type just motivation into the search box and see what search terms I can find that are going to be most effective for this particular concept. Okay, I found over 70,000 search results related to the idea of motivation. That's not surprising when I have just one concept, my search results are generally pretty huge. But the first thing that I want to do is find out what is the ERIC database's preferred terminology for the idea of motivation. The easiest way to find that is just scroll on this left sidebar until I see this Subject link. And the Subject link is going to show me the subject headings that are appearing most frequently in my current set of search results. By looking at these top subject headings, I'm seeing the idea of student motivation. This is probably the core of what I'm looking for as motivating students. So I'm going to make note of this. I also see a broader term for motivation. But what I'm going to take away from this is what I especially want is this idea of student motivation. So I'm going to go change my search at the top of the page, I'm going to add the word student in front of the word motivation. And I'm also going to put quotation marks in front of students and after motivation. The quotation marks will require ERIC to look for these two words in this order. No other words in-between. Okay, I'm gonna do my search again. And now I have about half the number of results is still huge, still almost 35,000. 

Okay, I'm ready to add in my next major concept, the idea of reading. I'm going to choose Search that cut my results significantly. I now have just over 4,000 articles. Now, I want to go back to those subjects and see what are the best search terms I can use for the idea of reading. Okay, I'm seeing reading instruction, that's not quite what I'm looking for. I can Show More to see additional search terms. Okay, here's that reading instruction term. Again, I'm just going to scroll and look for other reading terms. Reading skills, reading achievement, reading motivation. Okay, That's interesting. Reading improvement. Alright, I've seen a lot of terms that start with the word reading. I'm going to cancel out of this. And I think I'm just going to keep this word reading because that will include all of those different reading terms that I saw in my search results. Lastly, in the third search box, I'm going to put in the word Elementary. When you're searching for a school level, I find using the words Elementary or Secondary tends to work best. Although ERIC will let you try to search by grade level, by typing in Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3, usually I find searching for a single grade is too restrictive. You tend to have better luck looking for the school level like Elementary or Secondary, because articles that are about a grade above or behind the grade that you're most interested in might still be relevant to you. Okay, now we're down to about 1,500 articles, so getting better, still a large number. Some other limits I would highlight on this left sidebar. The Peer-reviewed limit will get you the academic scholarly articles, which are more likely to be research articles, so that cut my results about in half to about 700 results. Also, you might look at the date range. Articles from 1968 might just be too dated to be of interest to me. So I might try looking at the past, say, 12 years of results. I'll say 2010 to 2022 to try to start with the more current literature. 

Okay, I got about 282 results. It's still a pretty sizable search. Usually my goal for feeling like I have a pretty solid search is between about 50 to 100 results. I'm definitely a little bit above that. I also have the chance to just start looking through my results, and seeing what I'm finding and seeing how that might lead me to other terms I could add to my search to focus it more. Okay, what I'm going to start doing is just kind of looking at some of the article titles and see what's of interest. Mobile game-based app: okay, that's not so much when I'm looking for, I'm going to keep looking, Ok, "Digging Deeper: Understanding the Reading and Motivational Profiles of Students Who Don't Demonstrate Proficiency." Alright, that might be of interest. If I see an article that looks interesting, I can click on it and look for more information about that article. In particular, I like to look at the abstract or the summary of the article to get a better sense of what's the article about what grade levels were they working with? Is there, does it look like this article is going to be of interest to me? If it does look interesting, I also recommend looking at these Descriptors. The Descriptors are the subject headings that the ERIC database is using to describe the content of this article. This can be a great place to get ideas of different terms you could use in your search. Now in our case, I'm just seeing a lot of confirmation that we've used good search terms. Student Motivation, Reading, Elementary, there's Reading again, I'm not seeing new words here that I would want to add to my search. So I think we're on a good track. 

Okay, so if I'm interested in this article, I've got a couple of options. On this left side of the screen, I have links to the full text. I have both an HTML and a PDF Full Text. If you have a choice, always go with the PDF Full Text because it will be a scanned version or a digitized version of the full text of the original article. It will include charts or graphs or other images that might have been part of the article. It also includes the original page numbers which could be helpful for citing, especially direct quotes from within that journal article. 

I'm going to backup to the abstract. If you want to just save this article so you can get back to it later. What I recommend is, don't try to just keep it open in your browser, or try to save or bookmark this URL in your browser. This is temporary and it will expire within about 15 minutes or so. If you want to save this article, you can either Email it to yourself, you can Save it, or choose the Permalink in order to get a permanent stable link to the article. Once I clicked permalink, now this permalink box has appeared. And here's a whole long URL. I could click on it, copy it, and then paste it into an email to yourself, into a Google Doc, into a Word doc, paste it somewhere where you have notes about your searching or notes about your research so that you can get back to this particular article. 

I'll also point out while we're here, there's a Cite icon. So you can obtain citations to this article in about ten different citation styles. Now for education students you're usually working with APA style. So here's the APA 7th Edition style. So you can copy the citation and then add it into a bibliography or Works Cited that you're creating. Now keep in mind when a computer creates the citation, it is an excellent head start, but it may not be 100% perfect. In this case, I see a very frequent issue I see with citations that the ERIC database generates. And that's with the capitalization of words in the article title. In APA style you use, you should only capitalize the first word in the title, the first word after a colon, and then any proper nouns. But all of those other words should be lowercase. So there may be some minor tweaks or changes that you need to do to make this citation 100% accurate. So copy it, but then verify. 

Okay, I'm gonna go back to my result list. If you don't see a link to the full text of the article, look for a Get it @ UP link. The Get it @ UP link will help you figure out if UP has immediate online access to the article or if you can request the article from another library. In this case, there is a link under View Online, which is the name of a journal publisher. So I'm going to click on it and hopefully this will connect me to the full text of the article. Okay, here it is. It looks like it found the article and there's a link where I can access the PDF. If there wasn't a link here to an online option, or if this link didn't work for any reason, then choose the Request from Interlibrary Loan link to request a copy of this article from another library. Usually it takes about three days on average, though sometimes faster. To get an online copy of the article through interlibrary loan. And you will receive an email from the library when your article is ready to be downloaded. 

Okay, I'm going to go back to my search results page. And the last thing that I want to point out are ways that you could choose to save multiple articles. I showed you how to get a permalink to an article; to be more efficient and work with multiple articles at the same time, you can use these blue folder icons with a plus sign. Note that when I click on them, they turn yellow. Also, if I go into a specific article, such as this one, this Add to Folder icon does the same action. When I click on it, I'm adding things to my folder. And this is creating a temporary online folder that I can use to collect articles. And then I can do something with those articles before I exit the database, I scroll to the top of the page. You'll see at the top of the page there's a list of links that say Folder Has Items. I can see three of the items in my folder. I also have this Folder icon at the top of the page. So I can go to my Folder View to see what's in my folder. I've got four items in my folder. I can check what they are. I can select them one by one or select all of them. And then I can choose either to Save or to Email all those articles to myself at the same time. If I choose Email, I'll point out as you're emailing the article to yourself, you also can choose to include a citation, and choose APA as your citation style. It doesn't come automatically. You do have to choose it, but that's a good option to get your brief Works Cited along with your articles. Now this folder is currently just a temporary folder. As soon as I step away from this computer, it's going to timeout, or you have the option to Sign In, and create for yourself a personal My EBSCOhost account. If you want this to be your personal online folder, you can access anytime you're searching or working within the ERIC database. So to do that, go to the Sign Into MyEBSCO link. And unless you have ever created a MyEBSCOhost account or MyEBSCO account before you don't already have one, so it doesn't use your UP credentials, your credentials, or whatever you choose at the time that you create your account. So you either can choose to link your MyEBSCO account with your Google account, or if you want to keep things separate, then just go to the Sign up link at the top of the page and fill out this form to just quickly create your own credentials so you can have a personal MyEBSCO account in order to be able to access this folder anytime you connect to or searching within the ERIC database. 

I hope that this tutorial has given you some tips for searching the ERIC database. If you have any questions about your education research, please reach out to us in the library.

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Advanced Searching for PICOT Questions [Transcript]

Hello and welcome to this tutorial about advanced searching strategies for PICOT questions. 

PICOT is a framework used by the discipline of nursing for framing and organizing a clinical question. But the PICOT framework is also useful to help you to search for information about your topic. Because the PICOT framework breaks down the question into individual elements. And those individual elements can then become search terms that you'll use to find information about your topic. 

For today, the sample question that we'll use is: for patients and skilled nursing facilities do bed alarms reduce the number of accidental false. Now let's break down this question into the PICOT elements. So, our "P" or population is patients in skilled nursing facilities. Our "I," or intervention is bed alarms. Our "C," comparison or control group is no bed alarms. Our "O" or outcome is reduce accidental falls. And our "T" or time element: in this case, there isn't one. And for many PICOT questions, time may not be relevant. Now for searching for this topic, usually the places that you want to start are either your "I," your "C "or your "O" terms. For my topic "C" isn't relevant since my comparison is no bed alarms. So I'm going to focus on the intervention and the outcome terms. If I find a lot of information about my topic, then I might go ahead and add in my my "P" or patient population terms. However, if there's not a lot of information, I might decide that other populations, such as patients and hospitals, or patients living at home, might also be relevant to my topic, even if it wasn't what I initially had hoped to find. 

Ok, we're ready to start searching. So I'm going to go to the library's homepage, And there are multiple pathways to get to the nursing databases. For today, I'm going to go to the Subject Guides tab and choose Nursing & Medicine. And then I'll follow the link for CINAHL Plus with Full Text. Okay, so now I'm ready to start searching for my PICOT elements. So I'm going to start by searching for just one element at a time. I'm going to look for the idea of bed alarms. And my goal is to find the best possible search terms for bed alarms before I add the next element of my topic. The way to find the best search terms for my topic is to scroll down until I see the Subject: Major Heading link. And under Subject: Major Heading , I can see the subject headings appearing most frequently in my current search. Now I don't directly see bed alarms here, but I do see several terms that look interesting. I see "equipment, alarm systems," I see "security measures, electronic." OK, those are my two alarm terms. I'm seeing " beds and mattresses." Okay, I might want to get that idea in there. And I'm also discovering that I found that our next element, "accidental falls," has also appeared in this current set of subject headings. So I want to start by grabbing my alarm terms. I'm going to copy "equipment alarm systems." I'm going to go up to the top of the page. I'm going to get rid of the idea of bed alarms and replace it with the first of my alarm terms. Okay, I'm going to scroll back down and get my second alarm term. So after "equipment alarm systems," I'm going to type in the word "or" and put in my next alarm term. And I'm going to go ahead and hit "Search" to search for these type of equipment alarms. Alright, so now I want to narrow this down specifically to bed alarms. So I'm just going to add the word "bed*" with the asterisks on the end of it to look for bed, beds, bedding, any word that starts with those letters. To narrow down my search a bit. Okay, now I want to add the idea of accidental falls. And we already know from our initial search that "accidental falls" is a subject heading used in the CINAHL database. Okay, so now I've got 39 results. Now because this is a pretty small set of search results, I'm probably not going to go back and add in my my "P" or population term. There's just not enough information here on this topic to get more specific. 

Now I also will show another way that you could have used to find the subject headings, or these search terms to use in CINAHL. And that would be by using the CINAHL Subject Heading link at the top of the page in the purple bar. So the CINAHL Subject Heading link is a thesaurus, so it lets you put in your search terms. So I'll put in the idea of "bed alarms." And it's going to try to match what are the best search terms in CINAHL for this topic. And I'll see both "equipment, alarm systems," "beds and mattresses," and then also "security measures, electronic." Now one of the advantages of searching within these CINAHL subject headings is that you get these scope notes. And so the scope note, if I click on it, gives me a definition of what CINAHL means by this term. So this can be useful to figure out, is CINAHL's definition of this term match what you had in mind. And you also may get a reference to an additional search term that you might use. This "Consider also security measures, electronic." And we had already seen that term in the list. But I could look at the scope note for that term as well and learn a little bit more about what's meant by that term. Okay, I decide I want both of these terms. So I'm gonna check mark both of them. And then I have these two columns for additional choices. "Explode" isn't an option for either of my current search terms. If it were an option, what Explode does, is it allows you to search for your search term and also any narrower or more specific subject headings that might be listed under that term. So it would broaden your search by adding in some additional search terms that might also be relevant. On the other hand, the "Major Concept" column would allow you to narrow your search to only find articles where your term is a major concept or a main focus of the article. I'm not going to choose that, that might be too limiting at this point. So I'm just going to go ahead and go to this box over here. I can see my two search terms. I want to combine my terms with OR because I went either "equipment, alarm systems," or "security measures, electronic." And I'm going to "Search Database." I'm going to go ahead and add in the term "bed*" as a keyword and then type in "accidental falls" as well. Okay, and I have 39 results. I also want to note, for the two terms that we looked up in the CINAHL subject headings. Note they're formatted a little differently. This "MH" in front of the term indicates that CINAHL is searching for this term has a subject or as a subject heading. 

Okay, so with my 39 results, I may want to do some additional limits on the left side of the page. In particular, I'm going to check the box for the Peer Reviewed articles. And then I'm going to limit my search by date. And I'll look for the most current seven years, so I'll look for 2013 to the present. Ok, so now I only have 15 articles on my topic, so my search has become quite narrow. So now I'll start taking a look at my search results. I might click on the title, of the first result and my search to see a little bit more information about it. I could look at the abstract to see more of what this article is about. I also recommend keeping an eye on the subject headings just to see are there any other search terms that you might want to add to your search? And looking at these at a glance, I'm not really seeing anything that's directly relevant. Okay, so I could backup. And then maybe take a look at the next article. So we'll learn a little bit more about it by looking at the abstract. And then also keep an eye on those subject headings to see if there any other terms that I might want to add to my search. 

The next step would be looking for the full text. So look for the full-text links like "Linked Full Text." Or it you might also find the "HTML Full Text" or "PDF Full Text" links. If you have a choice, definitely go with the PDF Full Text links, since it will have images or graphs that may have been included in the article. It also have will have the original page layout and page numbering, which will help you with citing information within the article as well. If you don't get an immediate link to full text, use these Get it @ UP links and Get it @ UP is a helper tool to help you figure out how can you get this article through the library. So this article's available online. Here's a Get it Now link that I can follow to get the full text of the article. It's going to take me either to a database or to a journal website where the full text of the article is available. So here's the full text. Here's a link to the PDF. If for any reason that link didn't work or if there wasn't a Get it Now link, Follow the "Request from Interlibrary Loan" link to request a copy of this article. And the library will get a copy for you from another library, usually within just a few days. And we'll send you an email as soon as your article is available. And we don't place any limits on the numbers of items that you can request and we don't charge for requesting. So we encourage you for free to request the information that you need for your research. 

As you find articles that you're interested in, you also will want to save those articles so you can get access to them later. So on the right-hand side bar, you have options to Print, Email, Save, or get a citation for the article. And if you want to save a link for the article, use the Permalink on the right-hand side of the page. So don't use this URL in the browser at the top of the page, the URL at the top of the page is temporary. It eventually will timeout if you take an extended coffee break or step away from the computer for a while, when you come back, this URL [in the browser] may have expired. The permalink, however, is permanent. So if I click on it, the permalink will appear here at the top of the page so you can copy it and save it. You can share it with a colleague or share it with your professor, or just bookmark it on your computer so you can get back to it later. 

So I hope this tutorial has helped you to learn some advanced searching strategies for PICOT questions and for searching the CINAHL database. If you have any questions about your research, please contact us in the library. You can go to the library's Get Help: Contact Us webpage. It's linked from any library webpage. And it lists all the different ways that you can get in contact with us. You can use our 24/7 Library Chat, You could call the research desk and leave a voicemail for us and we'll get back to you. You can make an appointment to meet with one of the librarians, either online (through Zoom), or by phone. Or you can email your question to So please be in touch as you have questions about your research.

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Connect Google Scholar to Clark Library Full Text [Transcript]

This tutorial will show you how to set up a connection between Google Scholar and the Clark Library so you will avoid situations like this one where you're asked to pay to access articles. This connection makes it easier for you to access full text through the library subscriptions as well as through our interlibrary loan service at no cost to you. 

Here's how to do it. >> Go to the three lines in the upper left of your search results page and select "Settings." On the Settings page, choose the "Library Links" tab, which might be on the left as shown here or across the top if you're on a smaller screen like on a mobile device.

Once you're on the Library Links page, type "Portland" into the search box and select the Search button. Choose University of Portland, check the box here. Then you'll want to save your settings, so choose the Save button. You'll return to your results page, where you can see now "GET it @ UP" links along the right hand side of the screen.Sometimes, as on the second page here, you don't have "GET it @ UP" links. Sometimes they're hidden. To see them, look for the double angle brackets. When you mouse over those, it says "more." Select any "GET it @ UP" linkto begin the process of obtaining full text. You'll go to a page where you might be able to access the article online, such as here. And if not, there will always be a link to request from interlibrary loan so that you can obtain the article at no cost to you. >> Contact us if you need help.

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Getting Full Text from Publisher's Web Site [Transcript]

This tutorial will show you what to do when you find an article in library database -- such as this article here -- you select Get It @ UP and the Get it Now link takes you to the publisher's website rather than directly to the article. You can quickly solve this problem.

Usually, somewhere on the site there will be a list of the years available in the library subscription. Such as here on the lower left. Sometimes you'll have to select an archive button to get there.

To find the article you want, you need to go back or remember the year in which the article was published. You can find the year in the source information on the original library database page. The publication year is 2015, so you'll select 2015 on the journal site. This will take you to a sub-list of all the issues, these numbers published during the year 2015. You can see that all of them are from volume 170.

To figure out the issue number, you'll go back to your original search in the library database and locate the issue number in the source line. It's number 13. Select number 13 on the journal site. And you're sent to another page with multiple articles published in that volume and issue number. Scroll down. You can find the PDF link for the article you're looking for.

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Getting to Full Text via PubMed from Natural Medicines [Transcript]

Welcome to this tutorial on connecting to full text from the Natural Medicines database using PubMed. The Natural Medicines database is an authoritative resource for information about complementary and alternative medicine. Within each tool you’ll find the level of evidence with citations to support use of each therapy for certain medical conditions and for contraindications. The Natural Medicines editorial staff have created a tutorial about using the database, so this tutorial will focus on obtaining the full text. As our example, we're going to look at a report about nasal irrigation and in the Professional Monograph look at the Mechanism of Action. Throughout the text you’ll see 5-digit numbers in blue, in this case 16135 and 16136. These are identification numbers for citations on the Natural Medicines bibliography of evidence. If we choose one, we'll see the entries for 16135 and 16136 in the Natural Medicines bibliography.

The first one has no link because it is a citation to another database maintained by the company that produces Natural Medicines, but the second one (16136) has a “View abstract” link that will take you to the PubMed record for the citation. PubMed is a publicly-available index to biomedical publications produced by the National Library of Medicine. You might know its closely-related subscription version, MEDLINE. If I choose the "View abstract" link, I'll go to the PubMed record. Notice in the upper right-hand corner that there are two Full text links. These will take you to the full text of the article.Occasionally the PubMed record will not have a Full Text Link, or the Full Text link will take you to a page that tells you to pay for the article. In this case you might be able to find the article elsewhere, or you can order the article through interlibrary loan. You can find out if these outcomes are possible by traveling through the library’s special connection to PubMed. This might seem daunting, but it will save you time.

Here’s how to do it: First, note the PMID. This is a unique number for each PubMed record. Then, go to the library’s alphabetical listing of databases and select the link to PubMed.Enter the PMID in the PubMed search box as shown here, and select "Search". The result will have a “Get it @ UP” button that will either take you to the full text of the article, or to a page from which you can order the article through interlibrary loan. In this case, the article is not available, but we have a link then to UP ILLiad, the University's interlibrary loan system.At this point you would log in to your UP ILLiad account, and the form will all be filled out for you, except for of course the "Need by" date. And that should save you some time. Thanks for watching! If you have any questions, ask a reference librarian.

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How To: Access Industry Reports [Transcript]

I'm starting from the industry page on the business 200 course guide, and I'd like to introduce you to industry reports. These provide detailed statistics on an industry with some explanatory text and analysis. The Library subscribes to several databases providing industry reports, and this video will cover three of them: IBISWorld, Business Insights: Global, and Statista. IBISWorld and Business Insights: Global both allow searching by NAICS code. And IBISWorld sometimes extends codes beyond the usual six digits to cover even more specific industries. Let's start with IBISWorld. Okay, I'm going to type31211 for my example NAICS code. This code is for the soft drink and ice manufacturing industry. And you can see that IBISWorld puts letters at the end of the code to break out soda versus juice vs. bottled water. Let's take a closer look at the juice production report. All reports will have same structure. There's a lot of useful content. So I'll just touch on a few highlights.

The About page gives you an overview of the industry, including its supply chain, with links to reports for supply and demand industries. And key external drivers, which are usually statistics gathered by the federal government and that you'd have to look up elsewhere. The Industry at a Glance, another section, will have infographics, key trends, and an executive summary. Towards the end of the report, Operating Conditions has some of the macroeconomic environment,macro-environment information that you might want, such as technology and systems, or regulation and policy. Next, we'll look at Business Insights: Global. You can use your NAICS code to access this database as well, if you change the search box to search industry. So I'll use the code I used to search IBISWorld, 31211, soft drink manufacturing, and search. When you arrive at the industry profile, you'll see industry essays that examine various sub industries. And you can see those here, soft drinks and bottled water, premium bottled beverages, premium non-alcoholic beverages. So I'm interested in juice, I would probably look at the premium bottled beverages because that includes a little bit on juice drinks. And notice on the left-hand side, Market Share Reports, Rankings, and there might be some useful information there, too The third major industry report database I want to show you is Statista. That one does not use NAICS. So you search by keyword only, and I'll search for orange juice. When you see a dossier, that's a set of data charts that you can download as a PDF or as PowerPoint slides.There's the table of contents.

We can take a look at consumption figures. Per capita consumption, share of Americans who drink a specific brand, and each chart, once you get to it, has the source information. So you can link to it to see if any other information might be useful. And you can cite that original source. If it did happen that this data was coming from an open source, like a government website, then you could go over to that resource and locate more data or newer data.

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How To: Access Research Guides [Transcript]

Want to take a Do It Yourself approach to locating the information sources you need? The most effective way to findacademic sources is to use the Clark Library's research guides that you'll find front and center on the library's homepage, The guides are great starting points for your research because they'll help you quickly identify the most helpful library search tools to find the kinds of sources needed for many class assignments. Subject guides orient you to the library databases and other quality sources supporting UP's majors and minors. Within each guide, for example, biology,you'll find pages to help you locate specific types of sources, such as articles or videos, or to orient you to a specific area of study, such as anatomy and physiology in this guide. All the subject guides will also have tips on citing sources in your assignments.

Give yourself an advantage in academic research by getting to know the subject guides in your areas of interest.Course Guides support specific courses, often ones that have a guest visit from a librarian to teach you about research. For courses with multiple sections, for example, Theology 205, There might be a guide for each professor if their approaches to teaching are different. Course guides might also give you searching tips that will save you time in finding the information you need, or as on this page, remind you how to obtain that information. The best part is the course guides are always available, and you can revisit them at any time.

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How To: Avoid Plagiarism [Transcript]

In this video, we're going to focus on plagiarism. So let's begin with a definition. Plagiarism occurs when you use information from another source and then fail to give proper credit to that source, usually through a citation. It doesn't matter if you copy information word for word, or if you change or rearrange words. If you fail to give credit, It's still plagiarism and you can still get in trouble for it.

There are two types of plagiarism. The first, intentional plagiarism, occurs when someone purposely tries to pass the ideas of others off as their own. And the second, unintentional plagiarism, occurs when someone doesn't understand plagiarism well enough to know that what they've done is, in fact, plagiarism. Both intentional and unintentional plagiarism are wrong. Avoiding either type begins with knowing what plagiarism is and ends with always remembering to cite your sources.

So now that you have some basic knowledge about what plagiarism is, the next step is learning strategies for avoiding it. First, put down the copy and paste. Second, use quotation marks. Third, paraphrase or summarize. Fourth, make it about you. And finally, cite your sources. Let's talk about these five strategies in a bit more detail.

Strategy one, put down the copy and paste. Well, copy and paste is a great shortcut for capturing and transferring words and images. Using it too much can lead to situations where you might lose track of where the original text came from or that it originally came from someone else's work at all. Making notes on what you're reading, rather than lifting it completely from the original source, will help you process and understand the information, so when it does come time to write your paper or give a presentation, it will be easier to resist the impulse to take a shortcut strategy to use quotations. What's tempting about using the exact wording from the original source is that the author may have made the exact point you wanted to make, but you just couldn't find the right words to say it. And when they've already said it so well, making changes may just seem like a waste of energy.

The good news is that it's okay to use the original author's exact wording, but only if you remember to put quotes around it and give proper credit. This shows you not only have good taste, but you also know how to give credit where it's due.

Strategy three, paraphrase or summarize. Quoting is all well and good. But it's not as though you can string together a bunch of quotes and just hand in that for your assignment. You need to show your own thinking as well, including the connections you're making between the readings you are doing and the ideas you're learning. Instead of using direct quotes, you can paraphrase or summarize the original source in your own words. Keep in mind that paraphrasing is more than just changing a few words or rearranging the ideas. It's okay if the ideas or someone else's, so long as the citation is in place and the words are your own.

Strategy four: make it about you. When it comes to the paper you are writing, remember that you are the star. Your paper should be all about you: Your ideas about what you're learning in class, your interpretation of the sources you've found and the connections you are making between all of these things. You are showing what you know and how you know it. Remember that the sources you use are there to support your ideas and thoughts, not the other way around.

Strategy five: cite your information in writing. Citation serves two purposes. The first is to give credit to those whose words we have used in our own writing. The second is to tell your reader where you got your information, so if they want to look further into the topic, they know where to find it. For these reasons, citation is the only surefire way to avoid plagiarism. It tells your readers where you got your information and where they can get it too. Accurately formatting citations can be tricky. But luckily, there is help.

Your instructor will tell you what format to use, usually either APA, MLA, or Chicago style. Once you know which format you're using, there are online and print materials that will tell you how to cite a variety of sources.

There are also writing tutors and librarians on campus who can help you get it right.

As a note, if you choose to use a citation generator to create your citations, remember that the citations they give you will often contain errors. So you always want to check those citations to make sure they're accurate. And then you're good to go.

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How To: Create a Publication Alert in EBSCO Databases

This video will show you how to receive alerts via e-mail when a new issue of a publication is available in an EBSCO database.

Note that to receive an EBSCO alert, you'll need to have a "My EBSCO" account. Your UP credentials won't work.

If you need to set up an account, select Sign In in the bar at the top of the page, then select "Create one now" and go through the steps.

If you already have an account, sign in.

You can set up an alert for any publication represented in an EBSCO database, whether the full text is provided or not. Start by selecting the item title, and then select the source title.

The next page will be one of two pages. You might see a Publication Details page. Select Share on the right hand side and under "Create an alert" select "e-mail alert." Or, you might see a list of articles within the journal. Similarly, you would select "Share" and then the same "e-mail alert" option.

In either case, to have the most customization of your alert, select Advanced Settings, and make sure you set these options as you want them: How long do you want the alert to run for? Do you want Brief, citation only, or Detailed -- citation and abstract information? You might uncheck the "Limit EBSCO Access" box. You'll want to email all alerts and notices. Of course, you'll want to add your email address. Set a subject, if you want, and decide if you want a plain text email or HTML.

Select "Save," and now the alert is saved on your account. In your email, you should receive a notification that you're all set.

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How To: Explore Mintel Reports [Transcript]

Mintel Reports is an important resource for marketing research on consumer behavior and consumer attitudes. Things like, how do consumers decide which product to purchase? What are the product attributes that they look for? You'll find reports on consumer products and on demographic groups.

To access this database, start from the library homepage, Select the A to Z Databases tab and then M for Mintel Reports, and locate the link. In some cases, before you can access the information, you will need to agree to terms of service and select Continue.

There are a few ways to access information on Mintel Reports. The first is by keyword searching. In the "I'm looking for" search bar, single keywords are the most effective and will populate suggested related terms that you can select. For example, if we type in "coffee," the search will display the suggested keywords. Coffees, coffeehouse, the category coffee, and the list of reports related to our search term.

You can also search using the options listed to the right of the search bar and use filters to narrow your search. Coffee can be found under the category heading. Then hovering over Drinks. To access Non-alcoholic drinks, select the plus sign, and select coffee. If you want to focus on a specific consumer instead of an industry, you can start by selecting from the Demographics heading first and see what types of information are available. Trends Drivers are elements that identify influences on consumer behavior and are typically presented as brief information insights. You could select multiple filters, but often adding more than one filter will result in very few or zero results. So I suggest staying broad with your search.

There is also a drop-down menu called Content Types that you can use if you're looking for data presented in a specific way. For example, selecting News will show you hundreds of thousands of articles related to businesses, trends, and announcements. If I search for coffee, now, I will have over 6 thousand articles related to those businesses, trends, and announcements within the coffee industry. Today, we're going to focus on reports and explore those further. I'm going to open the report, "Coffee and RTD coffee use 2022." RTD, meaning ready-to-drink. We can see it was published on the 10th of August 2022.

I would like to note that all reports will be structured in a similar way as shown here. So once you are comfortable with the layout, it will be easy to locate the information you're searching for. In the report, this top paragraph will give you a brief overview of the information presented through the report, and if you select the purple More link, it will simplify that paragraph into a few bullet points. As you can see, this report discusses the impact of rising inflation and fourth wave coffee, as well as opportunities for innovations. Under the purple download header, you have access to various files, including the full report and the full dataset, also called the databook, the data behind the report, so you can run your own analyses, as well as an infographic overview and a brochure for more visual options. Next is the interactive data book, which helps you assemble your own charts and tells you where there are significant differences in the data. It also says what the margins of error are and other statistical details.

Each report has the same four sections. Market, Consumer, Brands/Company, and Data. The Market section covers market drivers and possibly a market forecast. Under Consumer, you will find usage, attitudes, behavior, and more. Brand/Company will show you key players, market share, and possibly another forecast. And the Data section gives you another opportunity to access the databook and the list of appendices, including a Companies and Brands appendix, where you can find a further breakdown by brands within the key players. So that's an overview of how to search for information and read reports on Mintel Reports.

There is a lot of great information available on this database, so I suggest taking some time to explore it. If you have any questions, please reach out to us and we will be happy to help you!

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How to: Find Book Reviews [Transcript]

Hello and welcome to this tutorial about finding book reviews. 

Let's say you want to find a review of this book: Empire's Crossroads: A History of the Caribbean from Columbus to the Present Day. From the library's website, There are several places where I could search for book reviews. 

The first is our library catalog, UP Library Search, which is the search box here on the library's homepage. I would want to search under UP + Summit + Articles, since book reviews will be included as part of those articles. Just enter the title of the book into the search box and press Search or hit the Enter key. And my search results will include both the book itself, look for the words Print Book about the citation, as well as book reviews. So look for the word Reviews above the citation. Or I could focus my search to only find book reviews by using the left sidebar. Under the Format menu, I can choose Reviews. And if you don't see the Reviews option, choose the Show More link to see the complete list of Formats. So I'll choose Reviews to focus my search to only book reviews. To access the reviews choose either the title of the review or the Available Online link. And this will take me to a list of options for accessing the full text of this review. So there's multiple Get it now links which connect to library databases or other places where you could get the full text of this review. If there's more than one Get it now link, try the first one and if for any reason, it doesn't take you to the full text. Then try the next one in the list. So I'll try the first Get it now link, which will connect me to a library database. And now I can choose the HTML Full Text link in order to access the full text of the review. So here is the text of my book review. I go back to the library catalog. I'll point out that if you didn't have Get it now links or if they Get it now links didn't take you to the full text of the review. You always have the option to request the review from interlibrary loan. So just choose this link, request the item, the library will obtain a PDF of that book review for you, and we'll send you an email letting you know when its available. 

I'm going to return to the library's home page. And another place where you can search for book reviews is by searching an academic database that covers the subject area which is closely related to the subject of your book. So for the book that we're researching today, history would be the closest subject area. So to find the best places to search, I can choose the Subject Guides tab, and then choose History. And the Best Bets for History recommend the best article databases for searching for articles related to history. And these include America: History and Life, which covers America and Canada, or Historical Abstracts, which covers the rest of the world. For the Caribbean, I'm going to choose Historical Abstracts. So now I'm connected to the Historical Abstracts database. I can type in the title of my book. And to limit to reviews, I could choose, under Document Type, to limit specifically to book reviews. And then I can choose the search button to search for reviews of this book. Ok and I find two possibilities. The second one is clearly the title of my book, and I have two full-text links. If you have a choice, choose PDF Full Text, which will offer you the original page layout, including original page numbers and any images or graphs that might have been included. So here's the full text of my book review. And I could choose to Download the PDF, or I could use the icons on the right sidebar to print or to email the book review to myself. 

I hope this tutorial has helped you to learn more about options for finding book reviews. If you have any questions, please go to the library's Get Help/Contact Us, linked from the left sidebar of any library webpage. For all the ways that you can contact the library: chat, telephone, make an appointment, or send an email to the reference librarians. So please be in touch as you have any questions about your research.

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How To: Find Course Readings [Transcript]

Clark Library has a Course Reserves service that professors can use to make assigned course readings available to students in one place. How can you connect to course reserves? Start at the library homepage. Choose the Course Reserves tab, then the Login to Course Reserves link. The Moodle page for your class might also have a direct link to course reserves. 

Enter your UP credentials and select the Log on to Course Reserves button. A list of your courses using this service will display. If a course doesn't appear, that means your professor is not using it. Hover over the title of a course you want to view until it is highlighted in yellow. Then select. Now you can see the items your professor has made available. 

Readings can include a range of sources such as books, book chapters, articles, and even websites. The default display list items alphabetically by journal or book title. You can choose to sort by author or use a search box at the top of each column to find a specific reading. To access an online reading hover until it turns yellow and select. Many readings are available online, which is very convenient when you need to read them. Other items are available as print items that can be checked out from the library Service Desk on the main floor and borrowed for a limited time - usually four hours. Those items will have a call number instead of online for location. If there's a print item you want to check out, choose the link. Then you can also check the availability of the item to see if anyone else in your class has it in the moment. If you pass over into the availability page and it says available, then you can go to the main desk and get it. All you need is your UP ID to borrow it. 

Additional features include the ability to add items to my favorites by selecting them with the checkbox. Make sure to go to the bottom and choose the Add Checked Items to My Favorites. Now, on your course main menu, you'll see the favorites at the top above the list of courses. You can easily remove them when you're done, and possibly add other ones as you work through your readings for a semester. For each course, you can also subscribe to an e-mail alert to receive an e-mail if any new items are added to your course later in the semester. In the top menu, Student Tools gives you a way to manage your favorites, as well as search items across all your courses.

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How To: Find Current Issues of the New York Times or Wall Street Journal [Transcript]

The Clark Library has online access to current issues of The New York Times and Wall Street Journal. This short tutorial will help you use the ProQuest interface to efficiently access the current content. 

To find these newspapers, choose the A to Z Databases link beneath the search box on the library homepage. Choose the letter N for New York Times or W for Wall Street Journal. Scroll through the alphabetical list to the newspaper. The New York Times has two entries in the list. One is a historic back file with full text from 1851 to 2016. The other has current issues and is the focus of this tutorial. 

There are two ways to find issues by date. One is to choose publications from the top menu. You have access to the print edition of the New York Times, its other publications like The Book Review, a Spanish language version, as well as content from their online website, including their blog posts, videos and podcasts. To see articles that appeared in the print edition, choose New York Times Late Edition (East Coast). Then choose a specific date to view. For example, choosing January 19th, displays all the articles that appeared in the print edition on that day. Any articles with photographs are first in the list and lack page number information due to the way that ProQuest receives the data from the New York Times. Articles without photographs display after those in the results list. And they do have page numbers, so are in chronological order, by section and page number. 

To see articles from a specific section, such as the Science section that's published on Tuesdays, choose search within this issue and enter the section name. In this case, science desk in quotes. Now articles that appeared in section D, the Tuesday Science section, are in the results and the full text can be viewed. 

The other way to see a newspaper for a specific day is by starting from the main search screen. You can choose to enter keyword search if you wish. For example, we know "science desk" is the trick for pulling out articles from that section. Or you can leave these blank and then specify the specific date. This time, the results are a mix of articles from the newspaper as well as content from the New York Times website, blogs, podcasts. To see what was in the printed newspaper, choose newspapers from the left column. These are the articles that were in the newspaper on January 19th, but they are sorted by relevance. The articles with the photographs appear first. However, after those are articles without photographs. And to see them in chronological order by section and page number, select oldest first to re-sort them in that order. And as before, you have to scroll past the articles with photographs to start to see those. 

The same search techniques can be used to find articles by date in the Wall Street Journal.

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How To: Find NAICS Codes [Transcript]

You have probably heard about the importance of using synonyms when searching a database, but wouldn't it be nice to not have to do that?

When you're looking for information about an industry, many library-provided and government databases will use a numeric code for the industry in addition to words. The codes are part of the North American Industry Classification System, NAICS ("nakes, rhymes with "snakes"), for short. It's used by Canada, the United States, and Mexico to make sure their governments are gathering statistics on the same industries. Regardless of the words a database uses to describe the industry, the code is stable across all of the databases.

Let's go to the BUS 200 Course Guide to learn more. I'll start from the library homepage,, select the Research Guides tab and look for the BUS 200 guide. We'll start with the industry page on this guide.

I like to use to browse the NAICS list. It's linked from the "Search NAICS" link here. You can see on this page on the left-hand side that NAICS starts with two-digit codes that divide the countries' economies into different sectors. Some sectors, such as manufacturing, have several two-digit codes. When I select a sector, I'll go to a page that subdivides that sector into specific industries up to a six-digit level, becoming increasingly detailed.

So that was one method to locate NAICS codes. Another method is to look up your company in a database and see what codes the database producer has assigned to it. Hoover's Company Records and Mergent Online on the left-hand side of the industry page are useful resources for this approach. Frequently, they will provide more than one NAICS code for the major industries that the company is part of. Most large companies are involved in many industries.

In the Hoover's Company Records, let's say I'm interested in Columbia Sportswear. I'll search within the results and change the sort to relevance. And I find the profile. And if I scroll down, I will see the list of NAICS codes. Since this is our first time seeing them in the database, I'd like to mention that sometimes people ask about this other set, these four-digit numbers. This is Standard Industrial Classification or SIC ("sick") Codes. This code structure predated the next system and is no longer updated, but you'll still see them occasionally. The NAICS codes are current. They're the ones that are updated as new industry sectors appear.

Returning to the BUS 200 course guide, the other tool you might use to look up NAICS codes is Mergent Online. You'll look up a company, and after you look up a company, you might see a profile where the company's primary industry, according to Mergent, is listed at the top of the page. You'll find additional NAICS codes under "Company Details" on the "Business" page.

Be sure to write down the NAICS codes that could be useful each time you visit the database, because each database might assign different codes.

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How to: Locate Preferred Terms for a Database Search [Transcript]

This tutorial will help you be sure you've found all the relevant articles on your topic.

Records in the library's academic databases often contain preferred terms for searching on the subjects of an article. The librarians who created these databases have assigned subject terms to each article when they add the article to the database. If you use the preferred term, you'll locate all of the articles on that topic regardless of the words authors use.

For example, in the major nursing database, CINAHL Plus with Full Text, if you start your search for verbal order policy, you'll find just four results, while if you search for the preferred term, medical orders, and add verbal, you'll have nearly 100.

So let's see how you can determine the preferred term. One way is to locate at least one good article on your topic. Then you can find similar articles just by selecting one of the subject terms assigned to your article. In the CINAHL database, subject terms are referred to as major subjects and minor subjects when they are listed after the primary citation information. Selecting any of these links will take you to a list of all the articles which have been assigned that subject term.

Another approach is to search the list of preferred terms directly. It's often called a thesaurus or called Subject Headings. In CINAHL, the Thesaurus is available through the CINAHL Subject Headings link in the purple bar at the top of the page. If you type "verbal orders" in the search box, you will find that "medical orders" is the most relevant subject term that has been assigned to all the articles on verbal orders or medical orders. Note that there might be other useful terms listed here, such as "nursing orders." Selecting checkboxes in the thesaurus, and then selecting the Search button on the right-hand side of the screen will yield all the articles on these topics.

Most academic databases have this feature; they just give it different names. For example, if you are searching in the ERIC database for articles in the field of education, the preferred subject terms, which you'll see in an article record are called descriptors. They function the same way as in the CINAHL database. If you select a descriptor, you will obtain a list of all the articles assigned that term, even if authors don't use that term in their text.

In this example, I've searched for "illiterate adults" in ERIC and obtained less than 500 results. Since both CINAHL and ERIC databases are hosted by the EBSCO platform, the link to the ERIC Thesaurus is also in the bar at the top of the main page, and it functions the same way as the CINAHL Headings link does in the CINAHL database. I'll find more relevant articles on this topic if I go to the thesaurus and search for illiterate adults and identify the preferred descriptors, "Adult literacy" or "illiteracy," Because librarians have assigned these terms to all the articles about illiterate adults, again, selecting checkboxes and then the Add button adds these subjects to the search box. Selecting the Search button takes you to the list of articles that have the subjects assigned to them, over seven thousand, in this case.

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How To: Locate the Full Text [Transcript]

Hello. This video will show you how to obtain an entire source, the full-text, when you've identified a useful item in the library databases that help you locate scholarly materials.

As a reminder, you can identify the library databases that could be useful to you by using the library's Research Guides. In this example, I'm searching in GreenFILE, which is a database of environmental science articles.

After you search, in many cases, the entire source will be included within your list of results. You might see HTML Full Text or PDF Full Text. The HTML Full Text is on the same page as the article information. It's presented as one long page with few pictures. The PDF Full Text looks just like the original publication.

Sometimes you will only see an abstract or description, and no full-text. In those cases, the full text is not far away! All you have to do is use the "Get It @ UP" link. The Get It @ UP tool searches our library subscriptions to locate the full text.

After you select Get it @ UP, the next page shows you where the full text is available. Select the link under "View Online" to connect and download it.

At other times when you select Get it @ UP, There are no links to full-text. Or sometimes a link might not connect you to the right place to obtain the full text.

In that case, you'll have an option to request it from interlibrary loan. We will get it from another library and deliver it to you within a few days. You login using your UP credentials, make sure the required information is filled in, and submit the request.

Within a few days, you should receive an email with a link back to UP Iliad, where the PDF of the article is ready for you. When you login to your UP Illiad account, you'll be able to download the article to your computer.

The PDF of the article will leave your account after 30 days. Or you can delete it before then. Contact the Research Desk if you have any questions.

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How to Navigate Simply Analytics (Transcript)

Today we are going to be looking at a resource called Simply Analytics, which is a great tool to learn more about a specific location or compare locations using over 100,000 data variables. The quickest way to access this resource is from the library homepage,, select A-Z databases, select "S" for Simply Analytics, and scroll down until you find the link.

You can continue on into this resource as a guest, but as it says here, your work will not be saved so I recommend creating an account. It won't automatically create an account with your UP credentials however, you can use your UP email to create an account. And I already have one using my UP address, so I will sign in here.

And the first step is to create a project. It should populate that option for you automatically. And the first step is to select a location. And here you can use an address, you could use a zip code, which will locate Portland. Or again, you could do Portland, Oregon as a city and that will encompass all ZIP codes. Or you could get rid of that and you could do Washington County if you wanted a broader search. You can also use an address. And it will pull up all the different levels that you can use. So you could start at the country level, the state, the county, and it just gets more specific. These last two here are regarding the census, so they're going to be smaller geographic locations. For now we can just start with Portland, Oregon. And you could add multiple locations here if you wanted to compare information.

And we'll click Next. These are just a few of the seed variables that you can use so they can start auto generating information. For now, we can just start with median household income. And on the left-hand side over here will be a larger list of variables you can choose from.

We'll click Create Project. And before we learn about the different ways data can be presented, which are all over here on the right-hand side, we're going to look at the left-hand side at the different data variables. For example, we could open up population information. And there's quite a few categories over here you can scroll down from. You can look at number or percentages, that's typically how the data is going to be organized. Percentage of females, percentage of males. And again, these are all within Portland because we set our location. You could look at different age groups or sex by age. So males under five years old, males five to nine, There's females listed as well further down. We can look at income options. Again, you can just use these filters here, or you can go back to this full list on the left. We can look at race and ethnicity, income, education. We can click into education here. School enrollment, options, educational attainment. So those who have high school diploma, associates degrees, bachelor's degrees. We could click on the percentage of educational attainment, those that have bachelor's degrees. And that adds it up here in our drop-down of different variables. If we had selected other cities or zip codes, they would be listed here. And it's right now filtered out by zip codes because we're within a city. But if we did the whole state of Oregon, you could break it down by counties, by cities, by zip codes, depending on how specific you wanted your information.

The default view when you start a new project is always going to be map, that's highlighted in blue over on the right-hand side. Again, you can switch between different data variables and that information will update. We have our legend over here on the right-hand side that's showing you the different colors that are on the map and what they represent. So we're doing median household income for 2020 by zip code so it is showing us the different income ranges that are reflected within Portland.

Again, you can scroll in pretty far and that information will get more specific as you scroll in and you'll be able to see a clearer breakdown of those boundary lines. We can also edit the legend depending on how specific of information we want. Right now we have five categories listed here. We could bump that up to nine and it becomes a much more detailed view. You can also change your ranges down here depending on what you're looking for. And also change the classification method right now it's set to national, you could select local if you wanted more specific information. And then just click Done and it will update.

With all of the views, there's the option to export the information. And with the maps, it's downloaded as a PDF. Or you could do an image, a JPEG file. And here you can make this a little bit bigger, center your information. We could zoom out before exporting it that way the whole Portland area is within the image, but for now we'll just continue with it cropped. You could keep the scale bar and here it will have the legend on as well. So you know what information you're looking at. You'll continue to export, and then again, it gives an option to save it as an image, as a PDF. You could have it e-mailed to you or save to your computer. Then you're just going to click Finish and it will export the information.

Another option here is the Quick Report. And this gives you an overview of the most popular data variables for your location. Again, we have that set to just Portland. So it's going to show the comparison between Portland and USA. On the left-hand side under the locations, we could add a second location if we wanted to compare the data for two different cities. And that will just take a few minutes to populate because it is quite a bit of information here. Again, the most popular data variables are listed over here on the left-hand side. Population, age, race, and ethnicity. That goes all the way down to information about housing. This is great information to use to sort of get a background feel for your location. Right now it's set to Demographic Overview. You can also change to the PRIZM report, which is a marketing tool or housing detail. And again, with the map view, you can export the information here if this is data you would like to hold onto for your research. And this will download as an Excel spreadsheet, again, either to your computer or as an e-mail.

The next view I'd like us to look at, which is similar to the Quick Report is the Comparison Table. Right now it's just showing Portland and USA. Again, we can add that Seattle location back in. And this is showing us the comparison between specific data variables. With the Quick Report, it just auto populates the most popular variables. This gives you the flexibility to choose the data variables that you would like to compare. The Quick Report auto populates the data. So there isn't much flexibility, but the Comparison Table allows you that option. So we already have median household income. Maybe income is where we'd like to focus on. You click on that box and then it gives you all the options that you can look at here. You could look at the percentage that's less than $10,000, you could look at a range percentage, $100,000 to $125,000. You could look at the percentage of household income by race. The list goes on and on. And then when you exit out of this, it will show you those new data variables that you've added. And because we've added Seattle, it's going to show us Portland and Seattle and the USA as sort of a baseline. If you'd like to remove these at anytime you just click on the data variable, you can view the metadata, you can remove it, or you can create a bar chart just from those options listed. So it will show you this is just another way to look at that information. And that's added to our views on the right hand side. Again, you can delete this information down there as well. Similar to the other options, there is the Export button up here. It will also save as an Excel spreadsheet, similar to the Quick Report.

The last default view I want to look at is the Ranking option. And because we have our locations set as cities, we have the option to break them down by zip codes within that city. Right now we still have median household income as our data variable. And it set to the top 100, but we're going to narrow that down to the top 10 zip codes in Portland, Oregon. We can sort this by largest to smallest or smallest to largest. And it's going to show us the location in Portland with the highest median household income is the zip code 97229. From here, you can also add other data variables. We could click on age over here, we could look at percentage of males, 35 to 44. We exit out, and it's added that information here. So this is in relation to the zip code. So we can sort largest to smallest and the largest percentage, 13.16% is in 97227. So this is just another way to view information about more specific location purposes. Again, we also have the option to look at Seattle. This won't show both locations at the same time. That's when you'll use the comparison view. This is going to focus on each location separately. And again, it shows household income and percentage of males 35 to 44 years old. Sometimes the information isn't always available. So for example, in the zip code 98164, we don't have information about the percentage of males in 2020. And that's something to be aware of as you use each of these views or different data sets. Sometimes the information is available and sometimes it's not. There are other view options. You can click on this New View + on the right-hand side. And some we just looked at, this whole top row we've already viewed. Some views are going to be more visual. There's histogram, bar charts, scatter plot. Those are going to be more visual representations of the data. And then we have the related data and the time series table, which are more numerical focused, similar to the comparison table or the quick report. Again, all of these views can be used in different situations for different purposes. And all have the option to export the data. So if you do find datasets on here that you'd like to hold onto, you always have that option. I would like to note that with this resource, we only are allowed to have two users accessing at a time. So if at any point you try to access this resource and it's not allowing you to I would say give it a bit of time and then try again later. If you have any issues with that, please reach out to us and we can help walk you through it.

So that's all we are going to look at regarding Simply Analytics today. Again, it's a great research tool that can be used for many different purposes. And I encourage you to explore it more on your own time and see how the different views can meet your needs. And if you have any questions, please feel free to reach out to any of our librarians. We're always here to help you. Thanks!

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How to: Search Historical New York Times Articles [Transcript]

Hello and welcome to this tutorial about searching the New York Times historical database. 

To connect to the New York Times, go to the library's homepage,, and choose the Subject Guides tab. And you could access The New York Times under either News or History. For today, we'll choose History and choose the Primary Sources tab, where there's a Newspapers box, where you could find all of our online newspapers for Oregon, for across the U.S., outside of the U.S. Or newspaper indexes which offer only citations rather than full text. New York Times is under U.S. Here's The New York Times (ProQuest Historical Newspapers). Note that the coverage is 1851 through 2016. So I'm going to connect to the New York Times. 

And today I want to search for articles about the Battle of Lorraine, which happened during World War I. Now at the time period that the battle occurred, the battle probably didn't have a name yet. So I'm going to put in the word "battle" and "Lorraine" because I would expect both of those words to appear in articles about that battle. Note as well, the capitalization doesn't matter. I can enter Lorraine a capital L or a lowercase l, and it won't make a difference in my search results. Now I want to focus my search by publication date. So I'm going to choose a Specific Date Range. And I will enter the months in which the battle occurred. Now I could put in the specific dates of the battle, but I also want to find articles from the dates immediately before or immediately after the battle, which might also be of interest to me. So I'm going to search just by month and year. And it'll find 99 results. 

Now note by default that your search results are sorted by relevance. So the best articles, the best matches will come up at the top of the results. If you prefer to look through the articles chronologically, you could sort by Oldest First Most Recent First. So if I search for Oldest First, I would find articles at first which maybe don't look very relevant because they occur before the start of the battle. As I scroll further into my results, I'll get to the start of the battle and articles about what was occurring. But for now I'm going to go back to my search by Relevance. And I can quickly skim the titles to see articles that might be of interest. I can see the dates, so I know when the articles occurred during the timeline of the battle. 

Or I could click on a title to go to the full text of the article. So here's the PDF of the full text of this article. And in addition, you can access a PDF; a PDF of the page views with the entire page on which this article appears. So here's the article that we were looking at. But now we can see other headlines, other articles on this page which might also be of interest to us, where it also helps to put these events in context with what else was occurring in the world at this time period. Now I have a couple of choices of what I can do with these PDFs. I can download them. I can email it to myself, I could print it out, or I also can get a citation. 

So if I click on Cite, you can choose a variety of different citation styles. For history, you would want Chicago 17th edition. So you could copy this citation, paste it into a Word document or a bibliography. But keep in mind, you'll want to verify the citation to make it accurate. Citations the database provides are good head starts. They usually include the information you need to cite the article. The Chicago Style formatting may not be entirely accurate. So check this citation against your favorite Chicago Style guide. And the Subject Guides often include a link to a Cite Sources tab; for History. It's Cite Sources: Chicago that will link you to a citation guide that we created in the UP library, the Purdue OWL, the online Chicago Manual of Style. So different sources that you can go to to verify this citation. 

So I hope this has helped to give you a headstart in how to access historical newspaper articles from The New York Times. Please contact the library if you have any questions about finding newspaper articles or anything else related to your research.

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How to: Search Historical Times of London Articles [Transcript]

Hello and welcome to this tutorial about searching for newspaper articles from The Times of London.

In order to access the Times of London, go to the library's website,, and choose the Subject Guides tab. Under the Subject Guides tab, you can connect to the Times of London from either News or History. For today, we'll choose History, and go to the Primary Sources tab. And the Newspapers box will connect you to a variety of online newspapers from Oregon, from across the U.S., from outside of the U.S., or newspapers that offer citations only rather than full text. For the Times we want Outside of the U.S. And note we have two options for accessing the Times of London: the Times Digital Archive, which covers 1785 to 2014, or the Sunday Times Digital Archive, which covers 1822 to 2006. For today, we want the Times Digital Archive.

And I want to search for articles about Napoleon's escape from Elba. So I'm going to type in "napoleon and elba." Note the capitalization doesn't matter. I can enter my search terms in lowercase or uppercase, and I will get the same results. Now, Napoleon escaped from Elba in 1815; right up front, I get over 800 results and the top results are from prior to his escape. So I went to filter or focus my search by publication date, so I can find articles closer to the time period of his escape. So I will choose Between and I will enter the date of his escape, which was the 20th of March, 1815. And I'll look for articles through the end of March, so the 31st of March, 1815. Now Apply my results. Okay, now I have just six articles from that time period.

Now from the article titles, it's not always clear how the article refers to Napoleon or Elba. You could go to the Keyword Preview to see some of your keywords in context. So I can see it looks like there's some kind of statement by Napoleon in this particular article. So I will click on the title of the article so that I can see more detail and see the full text of the article. Okay, so here's the beginning of the title of my article. I could scroll through it. I could try to move around, or I have the option to look at my Search Term Hits. So it looks like three of my search terms matched within the article. And if I click on it, I can see, okay, here's the end of that statement by Napoleon. So I can take a closer look at it. And I also could scroll further through the article, and see: here's a reference to Elba; I see it's a reference to when Napoleon left the Isle of Elba. So this article looks like it's something that I might want to take a closer look at. Now I'll also note, while you are immediately looking at the PDF of the text of this specific article, you also have the option to look at the text of the entire page of the newspaper, so that you could see this article in context. So here was our article from the Journal of the Department of the Rhone. Looks like on this page there are also French Papers. So I could look at other articles from that same page of the newspaper. Or I can toggle back to my specific article.

Now, in order to save this article, I have a row of icons of a variety of ways that I could save this content. I could send it or email it to myself. I could download it. I can print it. I could get a link. So a stable or permanent link or permalink to help me get back directly to this article. And, as in many other library databases, you also can cite the article. So if I choose Cite, I have a choice of three main citation styles; for history, you would want to choose Chicago 17th edition. And then you could copy this bibliography citation and put it into your paper. But keep in mind when you copy a citation, you want to verify it to make sure the Chicago style is accurate. Often there are some minor changes or tweaks that are needed in order to make these citations accurate. So compare it against your favorite Chicago style source. If I go back to the subject guide, there's a Cite Sources: Chicago tab that links to a variety of sources you could use: the Chicago Style Citation Guide we've created in the UP Library, the Purdue OWL Chicago Style page, or the online version of the Chicago Manual of Style.

I hope this tutorial has helped you to be able to find an access full text newspaper articles from the digital archive of The Times of London. Please contact the library through any of these methods, if you have any questions about finding newspaper articles or any other aspect of your research.

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How to: Search JSTOR [Transcript]

Hello and welcome to this tutorial about searching the JSTOR database. 

Now first, why might you want to search the JSTOR database? JSTOR is a huge interdisciplinary collection of the full text of scholarly journals. One of the advantages of JSTOR is it originally was designed to be a historical backfile of scholarly journals. So that means you might find articles going back to the first issue of the journal, potentially back into the 1800s. The counterpart to that is that JSTOR doesn't always have the most current three to five years of the journal. It's great at finding the historical information. But if you need the most current articles, you may want to choose a different database. JSTOR can be especially useful for historical research as well as research in lots of other areas of the history of the humanities and the social sciences. 

So I'll show you a few ways you can access JSTOR through the library. You can go from the library's homepage to the A to Z Databases tab. And then choose the letter J for JSTOR, and then find the JSTOR link. Another way to access JSTOR is by going to the Research Guides tab of the library's homepage. And then choose the link that says by Majors & Minors. And JSTOR is linked under a variety of different subject areas, including History. And it often may be found under the More Resources such as this, more resources for history. And here's the link to JSTOR. 

Now, when you're searching JSTOR, something important to keep in mind is that when you enter keywords, you are literally searching within every word of the full text of articles in the JSTOR database. So that means your search results may be huge. And it means you may end up finding articles that just have one or a couple of offhand mentions of your topic. Your topic may or may not be the main focus of the article. But there's some things you can do to improve your search results. So let's say I'm searching for information about the Washington Monument search as an All Fields search. And this is more of a keyword search. It's going to look for these words anywhere within the title or the full text of the article. So this would be a pretty huge search. You may also want to search within specifically the Item Title. This will search for articles where your words appear within the title of the article. So this can help you to find articles where your words are clearly going to be a main topic of the article. Abstract can also be tempting. This would search for your words within the abstract of the article. The challenge that I find with this setting is that not all articles have abstracts, especially those older historical articles often didn't seem to have abstracts. So if the article didn't have an abstract, you won't find that article in your search results, even if it might be relevant to your topic. So I would recommend sticking either with the All Fields, the default search or for today, I'm going to choose Item Title to look for articles that include Washington Monument within the title of the article. And I'm going to go ahead and submit my advanced search. 

Okay, so let's take a look at my search results. So I've got 399 search results. So as I scroll within it, I can take a look at some of the articles that I'm finding. Now one of the first things that I like to keep in mind with JSTOR is the date of the article. This is one way that might help you choose which articles are most relevant to me. So this first article is from 2012. And so if I'm looking for a current article, especially about the engineering of the Washington Monument; I see this is referring to an earthquake that happened in August 2011. So that might be of interest to me. However, notice that the next article is from 1847. So if I'm looking for older articles, especially around the time that the Washington Monument was being conceptualized, was being constructed. Then these articles from the 1800s may be interesting, or maybe I want both the current and the historical articles. So keep that in mind. Another way that you can focus or filter your search is on the left sidebar. If you scroll down a little bit, you have a list of subjects. So JSTOR covers all of these different subject areas. And so you can choose the subject that is most of interest to you. If I want to find articles that only come from journals related to Architecture and Architectural History. I could choose this option. If I went Engineering journals, I could choose this option. Maybe I just want to stick broadly with History journals. I'm going to choose that for now and find the 36 articles published in history journals that mentioned the Washington Monument. 

Okay, so now I want to take a look and see some information about one of these articles. So I'll click on the title of the article to see more information about the article. On this initial screen I get to, I have my full citation information. If I scroll down a little bit, I have a URL to access the article. I'll note a little bit further down is the remote access URL. So if you want to save a URL that you can access from on- or off-campus, be sure to use this one. And then on the right-hand side of the page, I can see a preview of the first page of the article. I could zoom in. I can view it in full screen to get a closer look at it. But if you think you're going to want to save the article, print the article, or just read the whole article, I recommend going straight to download. What download is going to do is take you to a PDF version of the article. Then you can see all the pages of the article. And then you can save the whole article, you can print the whole article. So that ends up being the most efficient way to work with the whole article, especially if you're trying to save it to get back to it later. 

So hopefully this tutorial has given you a quick overview of some tips for efficiently searching the JSTOR database. Please reach out to the library, to any of the librarians as you have questions about researching JSTOR or any other databases.

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How to Send EBSCO Database Citations to Your RefWorks Account [Transcript]

Welcome to this tutorial on adding citations from an EBSCOhost database to RefWorks.
To add EBSCO citations to RefWorks, identify useful items in your results list. Select the blue icon to the right of each citation that you want to add to RefWorks. Notice that the alt tag is "To print, email, or save multiple items." I'll select this one. And this one. And this one. Notice that the icon changes from blue to yellow and the alt tag changes also. It now says "Remove result from folder."
When you're done, look for the "Folder has items" box. You'll find it at the right hand side of your results list. Select the "Folder view" link.
On the folder page. Select the Export icon to send your citations to RefWorks.
On the next page, notice that the default option is "Direct export to RefWorks." Select "Save," and then select "Yes, export to the newest version of RefWorks." If you are using a personal computer, notice that you can check a box to avoid this step in the future.
Then you'll log into your RefWorks account, if you're not already, and select "Import." Your references will automatically be imported into RefWorks.
Thanks for watching! Please contact us if you have any questions.

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How to Set Up a New York Times (ProQuest) Alert

Here's how to set up an alert to the New York Times to be informed of each day's stories. First, you need to go to the database, And one way is to start at the Library homepage,, and select the "A to Z Databases" link below the search box. Then we'll go to the "N" page for New York Times. Notice that there are two options. This one is the historical database and this other one has the current content. So you'll select this link. After you arrive at the database, instead of running a search, you'll choose "Publications" and choose from the six New York Times publications that are part of the database. So you can see those here. For this example, I'll select the first one. You do have to set up a separate alert for each publication. On the next page, you'll select Create Alert. And to keep the alerts to a minimum, select "Only when full text is available." Enter your email address, change the subject line, add a message if you want. You might set the alert to last for a year. And also notice that you'll receive a reminder when the alert is about to expire. Then select "Create Alert." You'll receive a message in your inbox asking you to confirm the subscription. And after you do that, you're all set. You'll receive an alert each morning.

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How To: Set Up an Economist (Gale) Alert

To set up journal publication alerts in the Gale databases such as Academic OneFile, select a publication title -- in this example, The Economist -- and on the next screen, select "Create Journal Alert."

Choose email. Then enter the address you wish to have the alert sent to.

Select what frequency you want for the alerts and what format you would like them in. Enter your birth year and agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Statement, after reading them. Then select "Create alert."

You should receive an e-mail confirmation, and you're all set.

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How to Use NAICS [Transcript]

You have heard about using synonyms when searching a database. But wouldn't it be nice to not have to do that? When you're looking for information about an industry, many databases will use a numeric code for the industry in addition to words. Regardless of the words that database uses to describe the industry, the code is stable across all of the databases.

Let's go to the Business 200 course guide to learn more. I'll start from the library homepage, library dot UP dot edu. Select the course guides tab and look for Business 200. We'll start with the industry page in this guide. The numeric codes on the previous slide are part of the North American Industry Classification System. NAICS, for short. It's used by Canada, the United States, and Mexico to make sure their governments are gathering statistics on the same industries. You have some information about NAICS here. And if we scroll down, there's a link to I like to use to browse the NAICS list. And you can see that NAICS starts with two digit codes that divide the countries' economies into different sectors. And as I select longer codes, the industry is divided into smaller industry sectors. Notice there's manufacturing, wholesale, retail, different codes for different sectors. So as I select these two digit codes, then I see longer codes. And there might be further digits added up to a six digit level, becoming increasingly specific. So this is one method to locate NAICS codes.

Another method is to look up your company in a database and see what codes the industry [database] producer has assigned to it. So back on the course guide, Hoover's Company Profiles and Mergent Online are useful resources for this approach. Frequently they will provide more than one NAICS code for the major industries that the company is part of. Most large companies are involved in many industries. Let's take a look at Hoover's. In the Hoover's company profiles. Let's say I'm interested in Colombia Sportswear. Here's the profile. And I scroll through here to the list of NAICS codes. Since this is our first time seeing them, I'd also like to mention sometimes people ask about this other set, these four digit numbers. This is Standard Industrial Classification, aka SIC or "sick" codes. This code structure predated the NAICS system and is no longer updated, but you'll still see them occasionally. The NAICS codes are the current ones. They're the ones that are updated as new industry sectors appear. The other tool you might use to look up NAICS codes is Mergent Online. After you look up a company, you'll see a profile where the company's primary industry is listed at the top of the page. You'll find additional NAICS codes on the Business page under Company Details. And be sure to write down the NAICS codes that could be useful each time you visit the database, because each database might assign different codes. And you want to get to know all of the industries that your company is involved in.

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How To: Use the Library Catalog [Transcript]

Hello! This video will introduce you to the Clark Library's library catalog, also called UP Library Search. You can access it through the search box in the middle of the library's homepage, which is It's a great starting point for your research because it's a gateway to discovering millions of books, videos, articles, and more available to you through the Clark Library and beyond. UP Library Search contains several collections, and you can change the dropdown menu to search the one that's right for you.

One search is for online resources such as e-books and online articles.

You can limit to the resources that we own, not including articles, with the UP Only search, or expand to include Summit, which is a group of Pacific Northwest libraries that University of Portland belongs to, that you can request books, videos, and other physical items from.

This collection also does not include articles, but the largest collection in UP Library Search adds articles to the mix, and you can access the complete copy of many of those articles.

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Make an Appointment With a Librarian

This video will show you how to make an appointment with a librarian for personalized help with your research. We can help you in person, through video meetings, or over the phone.

To get started: From the library homepage, Select the "Get Help / Contact Us" link on the left. Look for the option on this page that says "Make an appointment," and select this link. This is our "Make an Appointment" page.

quick FYI: You can get to the appointment screen more quickly by using our short URL,, as shown on this screen.

The first step is to select an in-person, online (Zoom), or phone appointment. An in-person appointment will take place in the library. A phone appointment will be a telephone conversation. And of course, we'll use Zoom for an online appointment. When we use Zoom, we can share screens and record the session for you to refer to afterward. I'll choose online (Zoom) for this demonstration.

On the next page, you can select a 30-minute or 60-minute meeting. You can also see a list of librarians, a calendar where you can select the date that you want to meet, and a list of appointment times that changes according to the librarians' availability on each date. The default is to see all of our meeting times, but if you know which librarian you want to meet with, you can select their name and the availability will update. Our availability might also change depending on whether you want a meeting that will last up to 30 or 60 minutes. You can select the circular Information icon to the right of each name to learn more about us and our subject expertise.

After you've identified the meeting time that works for you, select it to begin placing the appointment. Here's our appointment form. Notice that nearly all of the fields are required. It asks first for your contact information. If you asked for a phone meeting, remember to enter the number where we can reach you. Give us as much detail as you can in the next two boxes so we can prepare for the meeting. The last box asks for your course info. Select the Confirm Appointment button and you'll receive an email with a calendar reminder. If you selected a Zoom meeting, the email will include a link to the meeting. The librarian will also receive an e-mail confirming the appointment, and will look forward to meeting with you.

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Mergent: Identify Companies by Market Capitalization

This time we're in Mergent Online's Advanced Search to look for companies with a certain market capitalization, as long as it's okay that those companies be traded in the United States on the New York Stock Exchange or NASDAQ.

I have the search already set up to look at the international company database, the active companies. I'll choose from the countries. And I might start with, let's say, Brazil. And I will submit that search. Well actually, no, I will add more criteria to my search. Notice that I could put an "OR," and I could say, OR another country, OR Argentina, OR Chile, OR Peru, et cetera. Right now, for the purposes of this tutorial, I'm going to choose "AND," and then I'm going to go to the pricing tab.

There's lots of other ways that I could narrow this search. But under "pricing" is where I'll find the market capitalization. So I'll add that to my search and then I'm interested in market capitalization. Let's say greater than 1 billion dollars, So one with nine zeros, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. And it's giving me dates here, I'm going to make that 2020 dates and January 1st dates. So from the 1st to May 21st. And then I will submit my search. The system will run a search for both criteria, so I'm going to see how many Brazil companies there are, and then Brazil companies with greater than $1 billion market capitalization. And over on the right, I can view those companies and then download that information to Excel.

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Mergent: Identify Companies in an Industry

Okay, so to look up companies within a particular industry in the countries that you're looking at, you'll want to use the basic search in Mergent Online. That's one possibility.

I'm going to remove the USA companies from my search and also the inactive international companies. And next, I'm interested in a specific industry, insurance companies or brokerage firms. So I'm going to search by North American Industry Classification System, the NAICS. "SIC," you might remember, is an outdated system that still hangs around. NAICS is the current one. So then I'll use the code lookup because I don't have all the NAICS codes memorized. So I'll look for finance and insurance, sector 52 and then open that to drill a little bit deeper. We come down to insurance carriers and can go a little bit deeper, and there's 5241 insurance carriers versus agencies brokerages. So that's maybe another code for you to use.

I'll choose the insurance carriers here, and then I'll choose the country that I would like to -- for which I'd like to list, So I'm going to choose Brazil and search. And I get a list of companies.They're not sorted in any particular way, but I might export this into Excel and then look at each one to determine finances, for example, revenue. Or these other key financials might be useful. So there you go.

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NRS 104 Video Session

Welcome to the NRS 104 research skills video. This is going to cover all the things that we talk about in the in person library meeting with NRS 104 students. The outline for today's video is I'm going to talk a little bit about what I assume of you as you start this video, what I'm hoping for you when you leave this video. We're going to talk about skilled research and what it is, scholarly sources, and where to find them. We're going to look very specifically at nursing databases that you can use to find academic resources. And lastly, we're going to talk about APA citations. 

Before you sat down to watch this video, I assume that you know what Google is and have used it, and that you're also familiar with your research assignment, the Nursing professional attributes paper. If you're not, don't worry about it. I'm going to cover the pertinent parts of it in this little presentation. When you're done watching this video you're going to know where to start your research. You're going to be able to search the library databases for nursing research with successful results. You're going to be able to recognize and use the get it at UP links. And you're also going to know what to do when you find citations through automatically generated formats. 

Before we get into all that though, we want to ask ourselves, why do we need scholarly research? In a very practical way, nurses need scholarly research so they know where to find the research that backs up their practice. There's evidence based practice and you want to find the evidence. Also, this is required for a lot of your course work. A skilled researcher will select keywords and search terms carefully. Know where to find what you're looking for, how to find what you're looking for, know when you found what you've been looking for, and know where to go for help. This is the general idea of research and how to do a good job while you're doing it and you want to make sure that you hit all of these things. I'm going to be demonstrating these skills in this video, a little bit later. 

We've talked about what a skilled researcher is. I've mentioned scholarly research a couple times, but I want to talk very specifically about what it is. Because if there is scholarly research, then there is NOT scholarly research and you want to be able to tell the difference between the two of them. Scholarly research is what you're going to want to use in your academic career. For the most part, yes. There might be times when you're using a newspaper or something published in a blog or an interview. But for the vast majority of the time in university, in academia, your instructors are going to want you to use scholarly research. What does that mean? It means articles that have been peer reviewed. They've gone through the process of being looked at by experts who didn't write it to make sure that the research method was good, that it was written about enough, that it has all the parts that it's supposed to have. It's going to be published in scholarly journals. You will have named authors, you will have a published date. Oftentimes you will have parts of a scholarly article are very repetitive. Everybody's going to have an abstract. There's going to be citations at the end. Sometimes you might have a cited by number. But you have to be able to look at an article or a source and be able to say, yes, this is scholarly. No, that's not scholarly. I shouldn't use it. To be able to make that differentiation all. 

For the next part of this video, I'm going to demonstrate and narrate while I'm demonstrating researching a nursing topic. On the right side of the page, you see that I'm going to look at your assignment and choose some search terms. Then I'm going to look at some search engines and research databases. And I'm going to go through them in order of how well I think they're going to work for this project. Starting at the least up with Google, and then working my way down to CINAHL to show you the best resources for this research project. Here is a key sentence of the nursing attributes paper assignment. It's "Discuss what the three attributes of professionalism, self regulation, identity formation, and role accountability mean to you as the person you are right now." As a researcher, I would come back to this because it's, It has lots of keywords that I can use and search separately or with each other. Self regulation, identity formation of role accountability, jump out to me, but also attributes of professionalism. For the sake of this demonstration, I'm going to use nursing because I know it's a nursing class, and professionalism as my search term. 

The first search engine we're going to search nursing professionalism in is Google. I assume you're familiar with this. I'm just going to put in nursing professionalism. Before we start looking for resources, I want you to examine Google as a tool. What sort of control does Google give us about our search? We have some filters up here, but they're not incredibly powerful ones. We don't have date, we don't have time, we don't have author. We don't have what kind of - this - I guess images is a kind. They are very rudimentary filters, let's just say, compared to what I know is coming up later. It often gives us a ch- it assumes that it knows what we want. It's giving us suggestions over here about things to know, or people also ask these things. It knows that we're on a scholarly search. It's giving us a link to Google Scholar here. But it's lacking some filters here for sophisticated searching. What it's doing is searching the wide web, general examples of things. Even so, we can find some stuff that looks like it might be helpful at first, but with closer examination, we see that it's not actually that great. Under our University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences, I see blog. We don't want it to be published in a blog. We want things written in an academic journal That's not going to help us. We have something called BMC Nursing. I'm not sure exactly what that is, but we've got here. We do have an author, which is encouraging, and a date, and it says it's cited by, but that number isn't very high. For an article, this might be useful, but it also might not be. We have another blog entry here which is probably not going to be helpful. We have domain name. Again- Maybe, maybe not, No author, no date, no nothing there. Keep scrolling down. This is the one result that I'm fairly certain is probably a peer reviewed article. We have our author, we have a date, we have cited by number, we have the links to the- parts- These are typical parts of a peer reviewed article in my plain Google Search, This is maybe the one that would work. This is This doesn't have very many cited by. When you use Google, especially for academic work, you have to pick through results. There's no peer reviewed filter here to be able to choose just the things you're looking for. It's like a needle in a haystack search. 

Google has a flavor, which is scholarly. I can get to it through scholarly articles for nursing professionalism, but I'm actually going to go to it a different way. At the university Library, we have an A to Z Databases tab. If I click on the G and scroll down to Google Scholar (with Get it with UP) click here. When I come through the University of Portland's A-Z Databases link, it's going to know that I'm associated with the University of Portland, and any articles that we have in full text are also going to be highlighted with Get - Well, when I click on Get It at UP here, it will see if our library has it here. We have Google Scholar. It does have filters here on the side better than plain Google. Also, it's searching academic, scholarly sources. For the most part, we think. We don't know exactly what Google Scholar searches, but most of the results are academic sources. This can be a very powerful tool for researchers. It is searching the Internet, which you might not have access to some of these things, which is also the case in most databases. But a great way to find out if you do have access to something or not is to look at these, Get it at UP links. This doesn't mean that we have it and it doesn't mean that we don't have it. This is just the "Check to see if we have it" button. Here- We have a Get it at UP link. I'll click on it. It takes you to the library catalog and it looks like we do have access to that journal through the library. Never pay for a article you find online, online. You can always get it through the library. If we didn't have access to this, it would have a request button right there that you can request it and in a couple of days have access to your article digitally. All right. This is Google Scholar. It has some filters but not very many also searches generally, this is academia in general. It's not a profession specific database. Those are the Google options. 

Let's go look at the library options. Here is the library search bar. Before you start searching anything, you're given the option of deciding which- how you want to search. We have UP here, which is everything the library owns. Summit is the group of libraries that lend books to one another in the area one another in the area, so Oregon, Washington, a couple of schools in Idaho, we send print books to one another. The University of Portland doesn't have a huge library collection or a huge print book collection, but we can get print books that you need from the schools in the area. We do search some article databases, not all, but some through our library catalog, which can be very handy. This is usually where I like to start my search, to bring back the biggest set of results to see what we can get. The next is- pretend you have enough articles for your paper and you only want to look for other resources we have UP and Summit. UP Only you need it right now and online only resources would be maybe if you were a distant student. I'm going to keep my UP Summit Articles right here and put in my search term which was nursing professionalism. Library catalogs will not correct your spelling. If you need help with that, always go to Google. Let's look and see what sophisticated tools the library catalog gives us. On the left side, we do have quite a few filters. We have the availability, how we're going to access the material. We have a filter called Peer Reviewed Articles. If we only wanted to look at articles that were peer reviewed, we can click on this. We have different kinds of formats. You can see what the library collection looks like. Here we have a whole bunch of different formats items in our collection. Location, date, language, author, all very helpful things. I'm going to click that Peer Reviewed article button right here and see what we have. Here are some articles and you can see on the description of the article Here we have a title. What it is, available online. We know that it's peer reviewed. There might be some articles that you find that have an orange- When you have this orange "Not available at the UP requests from another library" link, it means that the University of Portland doesn't have access to the full text of this article. We will request from another library that does, for you. We make a request, another library will send it to us and you have access to it digitally. All you have to do is click on this Request from Interlibrary loan tab, fill out the information. It can take a little while for an article to get to you. It's often very much encouraged that you research ahead of when you need to start reading and writing your paper, so that you can have time for your article to get to you when you need it. 

Another very handy thing about the library database is it will create automatically generated citations for you. There's these little quotation marks up here on records. You can click on that. Then if you scroll down a little bit, you can choose your style. Whichever style you're using, the database will automatically generate something for you that you can use. I highly recommend that you never, ever use these blindly. That you always make sure you're checking the correctness of this citation as you use it. I don't think that it's up to you to type out this information or look for it. It's always a really great place to start. It's not always a great place to end. We want to be extra careful when you use these citations. That's our very brief look at the library catalog. It is also a general database, just like Google, just like Google Scholar. The library catalog is searching every category that there is to search for in academia. 

We've looked at the library search, now I want to take us to a job specific database. I also want to make sure to show you the guide for your course. If we select library guides and scroll down to NRS 104, you will see that we have a library page set up specifically for Nursing 104 and all the parts of this video. That you need to know to research a class. But under the Finding Articles tab, we can click on CINAHL Plus with Full Text. Here we are at a database that is nursing specific, with stuff written and published and researched for and by nurses. For nurses. When I search here and I put in even professionalism, it's going to look for nursing professionalism as it is. I'm going to put in nursing professionalism here. Let's pause just a moment. as we did with our other search engines and databases and look at what it offers as a tool. We have our left side over here with our filters. We have our very helpful peer reviewed filter. Again, this database might have things from newspapers or magazines, and we aren't as interested in those as we are the peer reviewed academic journal. I'm going to click our peer reviewed, something that Google does not do, and Google Scholar would just assume that they're peer reviewed. But here we have all our peer reviewed articles. It offers English language filter. Sometimes English isn't here and you have to scroll down to language. I read best in English. Just for that, bring in and go here. Especially in nursing, You want to make sure that the dates of the research that you use are recent. Older things are not going to be as relevant to your work. I'm going to really bring that date up, make sure you check with your instructor about how recent your work needs to be to make sure that it's going to be useful and relevant to your research. Here we have a list of articles. You can see that underneath some of them we have full text is available, but under some of them we have that Get it at UP link. Again, this doesn't tell you that we have it or that we don't have it. It this is just tells you- this is just asking if we do have it or not. If I want to pretend like this article is something I'm very interested in, I'll click on it. Come in here, and we do have access to this article through the University of Portland library. This is the reason why I never ever use the full text limiter here. I do not like this. I wish they didn't have it as an option. Someone in a hurry might click that and think that they are going to have access to their stuff quickly. While is a matter of fact that you can keep that unchecked and have access to a larger range of items that you still have access to quickly. It's just one mouse click to see if we have this or not. This article could be absolutely brilliant to your work. Here's another Get it at UP link again, I don't know if we have it or we don't. This is the check it if we do have it very quickly and easily. All right.

Some things that we might do in our library databases to change our search terms is mess around with our search term here to get more results. Right now, I only have 72 results, but I know that to my search- other words, such as nurse or nurses, might also be relevant here. If you look at my search results, it's highlighting the words that it searched. It only searched exactly what I put in the search term. It only says nursing. Nursing professionalism, nursing students. This database trusts me to know what I'm doing and is not looking for anything other than what I specifically asked for. In order to open the search up a little bit, I can ask this database to search for nurses, nursing, nurse, all at the same time without having to type that out. We use a wild card, which is for this database, a asterix. I'm going to hit search. I have more results than I had before because it's also looking for other iterations of the word nurse. Besides just nursing, this gives me more results to look for. I can also do it to the word professional or professionalism. It very much matters where you put the wild card. Now I have quite a few more results and I don't want to look at 5,000 I might add another search term to bring it down. I know that we are looking for roles, accountability, identity. Here- I have brought the number down again. But it's going to give me a lot of research to go through to see if this is going to help me with my writing and my paper. 

Last thing that I wanted to show you on the site is the citation button. At the library search, we found that little quote marks that will automatically generate that citation for you. EBSCOhost has a similar citation button. If you look over on the right side of your page, we have a bunch of tools that you can use. The library doesn't offer any support for these things, but if you wanted to poke around, they can be useful for you. This citation button is over here on the right. It says Cite and it has a little golden plaque right next to it. And it does a very similar thing as a library catalog. We have the style types over there on the left. If I scroll down and find APA right here, this is what EBSCOhost thinks - how you would cite this. You can copy this and paste it and put it into a document for reference. So you don't lose it. So you don't have to type it out yourself. But again, as with the library search, don't assume that it's 100% correct. 

I got to the point where I want to show you how to make sure that your citations are correct. Back at the library Nursing Guide, we have the Nursing Professionalism Practice Finding Articles guide. We have a cite Sources tab on the far right side, which takes you to the APA style citation. This gives a good summary of the citation and gives you an example of what things are supposed to look like when you're done. There are quite a few different places that you can look to find APA style citation help. But what we've done here is try to summarize it to the best of our abilities. The things that you're going to use the most are going to be right at the top here, so you don't have to dig around to find them. If you hover over how to cite the common sources, I know that we were looking at a journal article, we'll click on that. Then here it's going to give you the nitty gritty short, sweet what a journal article from a library database is supposed to look like. Here is the only one author. I'm pretty sure our citation had multiple authors. You would want to come over here and say, compare your citation, citation that we got from the database to this citation. And make sure that everything is correct including italicization, spacing, and punctuation is very important when it comes to citation styles. All right, you have your citation guide. You know how to cite things. 

I have a very small activity for you watching this video. I'm going to navigate over back to the Google Slides presentation. And I want you to pause the video. And you're going to look at these two citations here. And compare it to the journal article from the library database and see if you can tell which of these two are correct. All right. You have in mind your selection for which one is correct. Here we have a breakdown of the two citations where text was exactly the same as the same article. But you can see that even the smallest detail can make one of the correct ones actually the one that you want to use. This bottom one with this italization is correct. That wraps up everything that I wanted to show you in this video. You know how to use the library search to find nursing resources. You know how to use EBSCOhost and CINAHL to find your nursing articles. You know how to get the full text and see if the library has access to the full text. You know where to find citations and the automatically generated citation buttons, as well as a guide to help you correct them. I want you to know that at any point, if you need help in your academic career, please do come to the library. We love to help with everybody's researching questions.

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Save & Share Persistent Links to Library Resources [Transcript]

Hello and welcome to this tutorial about locating persistent links to library resources. >> Now first, why do you need a persistent link to a library resource? >> As you're doing your research as you start to find articles or other resources that you're interested in saving, you need a stable way to save links to those resources, whether it's so that you can get back to those resources yourself, or so that you can share links to those resources with others, such as a faculty member or such as a partner on a project.

Now as an example, if I look at this first article, if I were to just bookmark this page, open it in a new tab, or try to save this URL in the address bar in the browser, this is not a stable link. >> This link will eventually timeout. >> So if I go and get a cup of coffee and come back to my computer, this page may no longer be available. >> Also, if I try to copy this link in the address bar and send it to anyone else to access from their computer, it will not work for them. >> So instead, look in most library databases for an option to get a persistent link. >> It may also be called a permalink, a stable link, document URL. >> It can go by slightly different names, but look for a way to get a link directly from the database.

 So in our EBSCO databases that we get a lot of our resources from this company. >> Look in the list of icons. >> This is usually where the persistent or permalink will be located, so where you can print, email, save, or cite the source. >> You are also likely to find an option for a permalink. >> When I click the permalink link, then I get this box that pops up that shows me the permalink or the stable link. >> I can click once in this box and then do a right-click and copy this link and then save it. >> Save it in a document, save it in an email, put it in a place that makes sense to you to keep track of these links. >> For another example; so here's a result from UP Library Search. >> Again, look for those icons where you can do different actions. >> Find the permalink. >> And then I can click the Copy Permalink to Record and copy it into my document or my email.

One more example from Gale Academic OneFile that has a slightly different name: Get Link. >> It's still in that row of icons. >> And when I click on Get Link, here is a link to this resource. >> Now one additional thing to keep in mind, some of these links are set up automatically to work from off campus. >> Others are not.>> If I go back to my first example from the EBSCO databases, this link starts with the >> This is all a sign that this link is setup for off-campus access through UP.

My third example does not start with that >> So this link is not automatically setup for off campus access. >> However, the library offers a resource with more information about persistent links and also with the tool that will help you quickly change these links so they'll work from off campus. >> So the Persistent Links to Library Resources guide available at >> Here's more information about persistent links, why you might need them. >> And then on many of the pages you'll find this Off-Campus Link Generator where I can copy a link that doesn't automatically work from off campus, such as for my third example, >> I can paste it in this box and click Create Link. >> And now this link has been converted to have that >> So it has this prefix; it'll allow this link to work from off campus. >> And then other tabs on this guide will help you find more information about how to find the persistent or stable link and then how to edit it if needed.

So for example, for the article databases the Gale databases, that third example shows you how to find that Get Link. >> And then here's that off-campus link generator. >> And you'll find similar information for our article databases, our art and music databases, and our video databases, as well as UP Library Search.>> If you have questions about locating resources or getting persistent links, please get in contact with us at the library.>> Thank you.

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Saving Items in UP Library Search [Transcript]

Hello and welcome to this tutorial about how to save items in UP Library Search. >> So as you're doing your research, and let's say today I'm searching for information about penguins. >> You might want a way to save items so that you can get back to them later. >> The first thing that I recommend is when you first connect to UP Library Search, sign into your account, so that as your saving items, you're saving them under your own account, so that you can easily access them later. >> And you can sign in either by using the Sign in link in this yellow bar beneath the search box, or choose the Sign in link in the upper right corner of the screen.

So I'm going to choose the Sign in link. >> Choose UP Students, Faculty, and Staff. >> Sign in with my UP username and password. >> Choose that Sign in button. >> And now I'm connected to my account, which I can confirm because I see my name in the upper right corner of the screen. >> Okay, now I'm ready to start saving items, and I can do that in a couple different ways. From my list of search results, I have a pin icon. When I hover over it, it says Save to My Favorites. >> And so I can click on it and you can see it's going to save my item to My Favorites, which is this big pin icon at the top of the page. >> Ok, that's one easy way to save.

Another option is if youchoose the title of any item in your search results to see the full record or the full information about the item. >> You also will see a pin icon in the upper right corner of the screen that also allows you to save to My Favorites. >> So I'm going to choose that. >> And now, let's see, I'm ready to look at the items that I've been saving. >> So I can just go to that big pin icon to go to My Favorites. >> And I'll click that My Favorites pin icon. >> And now I will see a list of all the items that I've saved. >> So I have these two items that I've saved today are at the top of my list. >> And if I scroll a little bit further down,I also will see older items that I previously had saved to My Favorites. I hope this helps you to know how to save items in UP Library Search. >> As you're doing your research, if you have questions, please get in contact with us at the library. >> Thank you.

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Setting Up an Ebsco Account [Transcript]

This video will show you how to set up a personal Ebsco account. >> The library has over 50 databases through the Ebscohost provider. And one of the common ones is Academic Search Premier. >> If I start searching now and I'm not signed in, anything I do in this search session will not be saved once I leave my browser or if I leave my computer and it times out. >> So to avoid losing work, the best thing to do is to get in the habit of signing into a personal Ebsco account before you start searching in any Ebsco database. >> To do that, go to the purple bar at the top and choose sign in. For those of you that don't have an Ebsco account, scroll down to the bottom of the screen and choose the create one >> now link and fill out the brief form to set up an account. >> Please use your UP email address. >> I already have an account, so I'm going to sign in so you can see what to expect.

Now that I'm logged in, I see my name. So this means the things that I do during my search session will be captured and there for me >> the next time I log in. My folder has things from a prior search. So I could go take a closer look at things I already marked and needed to look at more closely. >> I can do some organizing of things I've saved. You can use their custom folders to create your own organization system, and I recommend doing that. >> Otherwise, the list becomes really long. >> You can also save searches, which is handy for rerunning a search, especially if you had a big set of results and you haven't had a chance to look through it very closely yet. If I go back to my search mode, I can continue secure in knowing that as I find things and mark them, I can easily have a way to get back to them later if I get interrupted. >> If you have any questions about using Ebsco databases, setting up an Ebsco account or any other questions, please contact us at the library.

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Why Not Just Use Google? [Transcript]

Why do academic researchers use library databases for research instead of using an Internet search engine like Google?

Google is a great place to find information. It's quick, it's easy to use. Google is a powerful search engine that offers access to millions of websites around the world. If Google is so great, why should we bother researching anywhere else? It's a good question. Google does a good job of giving the impression that it's searches everything. But it doesn't. It only has access to certain types of information. If the information scholarly researchers are looking for isn't on Google, they shouldn't look for it there. If I want to buy a car, I don't go to a drugstore. 

Search engines and databases are like stores. You go to very specific ones, for very specific reasons. I go to a car dealership to buy a car, and a drugstore to buy cold medicine. While it may seem like you can find everything on Google, you can't. Academic researchers and scholars use library databases because that is where you find scholarly and academic research. 

Let's compare Google and the library. Google is a large company that makes money by showing you ads. The library doesn't make money. It's funding comes from the university. There are no ads. Google searches texts in publicly available websites. Library databases search books, magazines, newspapers, academic journals, and so much more. If you have difficulty finding something on Google, you have difficulty finding something on Google. If you have difficulty finding something at the library, ask a librarian and they will help you find what you are looking for. 

If it's academic research you need, be sure to use your library virtually or in person.

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Why Use Google Scholar? [Transcript]

This video will show you how Google Scholar can help you with your search for articles and other scholarly literature.

Begin your search in Google Scholar by accessing the library's link to it in our A to Z databases page. Or watch our video on our tutorials guide on linking to the Clark Library through your Google settings. Both options will help you find the full text available through the UP Clark library from your search results.

You will find lots of articles and other types of sources through a Google Scholar search, because Google Scholar locates content from many disciplines. Also, the words and phrases you type in the search box can be located anywhere in the full text of the item.

Besides obtaining many results, you can also see which disciplines cover your topic and then go to the subject guides for those disciplines to locate their specialized databases and find more articles. Ask us for help using the databases.

You'll also be able to see how many times an article has been cited in the publications covered by Google Scholar. Select the "Cited by" link to find newer articles on the topic. You'll see results that include the older article in their reference lists, and you can then view all of those newer items or filter to even more recent ones. You can also search within the citing articles, such as here for "Spanish," to improve the articles' relevance.

The "Cited by" feature is useful when you find a relevant item in a library database or in a reference list, but it seems too old to be useful. You can see if anything newer has been published on the topic by copying the title and looking it up in Google Scholar.

Now that you know how Google Scholar can help you, you'll definitely want to add it to your research tool kit!

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