This page contains enriched content visible when JavaScript is enabled or by clicking here. Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

University of Portland Clark Library

Tutorials: Transcripts

Advanced Searching for Education Research [Transcript]

Hello and welcome to this tutorial about advanced searching of the ERIC database for education research.

To access the ERIC database, go to the library's homepage, and choose the Subject Guides tab in the center of the page. From the list of subjects, choose Education. And then you'll see Best Bets for Education, where the Library recommends the top two databases for finding education articles. ERIC is my go-to source for education research.

So I'm going to choose the ERIC database link and it will connect to the main search screen of ERIC. Now this is both the most important and can be the most difficult aspect of searching: is figuring out how to translate your topic into search terms that are going to give you the information that you need about your topic. Now what I recommend is to try searching for one element, one concept, of your topic at a time. For today, the topic I'm going to search for is about ways to improve motivation for reading at the elementary school level. So I'm going to start by searching for the idea of motivation. So just this one element of my topic. And the first thing I'm going to do, is go on the left side of the page and choose the Subject link. Under Subjects, I can see the list of subject headings that are appearing most frequently in my current set of search results. So I can find out what is the best search term to use in ERIC for the idea of motivation. And I see both this broader term of motivation, but I also see the specific term of student motivation. And this is really what I have in mind for my topic. So now that I know that student motivation is a subject used in ERIC, I'm going to go to the search boxes at the top of the page and change my search term to look for student motivation. I'm also going to put quotation marks around student motivation to look for this exact phrase, these two words in this order. Okay, so there's the first piece of my topic. Now in the second search box, I'm going to add in the second idea of my topic which is reading. And I'm putting reading into the second search box so that I can take advantage of this word: AND. So I want to look for articles that talk about student motivation. And that also refer to the idea of reading. Okay, and now I'm going to go back to the subject terms and look for subject terms related to reading. So on this initial list of subjects I see reading instruction, but that's not quite what I'm looking for. I'm going to go to Show More to look at the complete list of subjects. Here's reading instruction again. Now if I scroll down, I'll see other reading terms: reading skills, reading comprehension, reading achievement. If I keep going: reading motivation, okay, that might be really interesting. Reading improvement. Now what I'm seeing is there's a lot of terms that are using this word reading. So I'm going to cancel out of the Subject list, go back to my search box. And I'm just going to keep this idea of reading for now. In the third search box. I'm going to add in the idea of elementary. And when you want to limit your search to a school level, I recommend using broader terms like elementary or secondary, or using the names of specific types of schools, like middle schools or high schools. Don't try to limit your search to a specific grade, like grade one or grade two. That often is too narrow and you might miss articles that would be useful for your research. Okay, so now I have the main ideas of my topic.

I still have about 1,500 results, which is quite a few. So I'm going to narrow this a little bit further. On the left sidebar, one way I can continue to narrow my search is to look for Peer Reviewed articles. So this will limit my search to academic or scholarly journals that use a peer review process. The next way that I could limit my search is by publication date. Usually the past ten years is a good starting point. Okay, so now I have about 219 articles that's a little bit better. So now I could start taking a look at my search results and look for articles where the word reading or motivation appear within the title of the article. I can click on the title of the article to get more information. I could look at the abstract to get a better idea of what the article is about. I also recommend: keep an eye on the descriptors, which are those subject terms that we saw on the left side of the page. So you might see if there's other subjects that are showing up that you haven't already included in your search. You might want to add those terms to your search or try a new search using some of the new words that you've discovered. Ok, I'm going to go back to the result list.

So, as the next step, I could look at ways of getting to the full text of articles. Now so far, my articles have both a PDF Full Text and an HTML Full Text link. If you have a choice, choose the PDF Full Text. Since the PDF will have the original page layout, including images, or graphics, or charts, and also the original page numbering, which will help you to cite the article, especially if you're making a direct quotation. HTML Full Text is just a plain text version, a text-only version of the article that doesn't have images or formatting. As I keep looking through results, you might also see links to full text from ERIC. If I choose Full Text from ERIC, this will connect me to the free version of the ERIC database, which lives on the U.S. Department of Education website, where often there are links to the full text of articles. And some articles may not have links to full text at all.

And so if you don't see an immediate link to the full text, choose a Get it @ UP link, and Get it @ UP is going to help you figure out how you can get the full text of that item. And so on this Get it @ UP screen, I find that this item is not immediately available online. And here's another confirmation: The full text of this item is not available at Clark Library, but I can Request from Interlibrary Loan. So if I choose the Request from Interlibrary Loan link, it's going to take me to her interlibrary loan system UP ILLiad. I can log in and my login is the same UP username and password that you would use for Pilots or Moodle. You just don't include the as part of your username. The password is still the same as use for every other system. Once you login, all the information about the article you want to request is captured. Just choose Submit Request. And then within about three days you'll get an email from the library letting you know that your article is available. And so we will have a PDF of the article waiting for you under this Get PDFs link in this UP ILLiad interlibrary loan system. So just watch for that email from us letting you know when your item is available.

Okay. I'm going to hop back to the ERIC database. And look for another Get it @ UP link, and try this one. And now this article is immediately available online. So in addition to the Request from Interlibrary Loan link, I also have a Get it now link. And so after the Get it now is the name of the publisher of this journal. So whatever it says, just click on it, and cross your fingers and it should take you directly to the full text of the article. Okay, and here is the full text of this article. Here's a link to the PDF. Okay, I'm going to hop back to the database.

So sort of more things that you can do with your search: if I click on the title of a specific article, on this right-hand sidebar, you have a list of options of things that you can do with this article. I could Print it, I could Email it, I could Save it. I could Cite it. And if I choose Cite, I can get a preformatted citation in a variety of different citation styles. And if I scroll down a little bit, this includes APA style. So I could copy the citation and add it to a bibliography or a paper. But keep in mind these citations are good starting points, but they're not necessarily perfect APA style. And this specific article has a very common issue with APA style citations, where too many of the words in the article title are capitalized. Usually in APA style, you should only capitalize the first word in the title, and the first word in the subtitle after the colon. And then any proper nouns, like Matthew, should be capitalized. All the rest of the words in that article title should be lowercase. So double-check the citation against your favorite APA style guide. We have many linked from the library's website that you can access as well, to make sure that these citations are accurate. There's also an Export link; Export would let you move your citation to a citation management system. We use RefWorks in the library. There are also free versions online such as Zotero. If you're interested in learning more about that, get in contact with us in the library and we can share more information.

And you also can get a Permalink to an article. And the permalink is important if you want to save this article to get back to it later. This is a persistent, stable link that you can save on your computer, that you can share with a professor or a colleague or a classmate, to get access to this article. The URLs that are at the top of the screen in the library databases are not stable. They eventually will timeout. So even if you try to open this article in another tab of your browser, eventually that will timeout and you would lose access to that article. So save these permalinks to have a persistent way to get back to this article. And similarly, if I go back to the result list, in addition to saving a permalink for a specific article, you also can save a permalink for a search. So above your first search result, look for this Share button and under Share. there's an option to get a Permalink or a Persistent link to a search. So just copy this link, save it on your computer, to get back to this search with your search terms and the limits that you've created on your search. So you can pick up where you left off or keep experimenting with your initial search.

So, so far we've looked at how you can work with one citation at a time to print it, email, save it, cite it, etc. You also can choose to add citations to folders. So on your search results page, you can click on these blue folder icons. And as I click on them, the icon changes to a yellow folder. And I now have this new area that says: Folder has items. So I could add more items to my folder. I also could click on a specific article. And on the right sidebar, I also have a link to add this item to a folder. So I'll choose Add to Folder. Okay, so now I want to look at the items that are in my folder. So I'm going to go back to my result list. And I can go to this Folder has Items area on the right sidebar, or there's also a folder link here on the purple bar at the top of the page. So I'm gonna go to my Folder View and look at the items that are in my folder. So here are three items in my folder. I can select everything and I could Print, Email, Save, or Export everything in my folder. Now something important to keep in mind is this folder is a temporary folder. If I walk away from the computer for an extended period of time, when I come back, the items in this folder and the search will have timed out. So before you leave your computer for an extended period of time, either do something: print, email, save, or export, everything in your folder. Or you can choose to create a permanent online folder within this EBSCOhost system, which includes the ERIC database. And so you can go to the Sign in to MyEBSCOhost link. And this will let you create your own personal My EBSCOhost account. Now the important thing to know is that you do not automatically have a My EBSCOhost account. So your UP network username and password are not your username and password for this system. The first time you want to use it, you need to create an account. So go to: Don't have an account? Create one now. And there's a quick form that you can fill out, or you could choose to sign up with Google, whichever you prefer. If you choose to create your own account, you choose your username and your password. And once you've created an account, then you can come back and sign in; and I'll sign into my account. And so now in my folder you can see, in addition to the three items that I just added for my recent search, I also have other items in my folder from past searches that I've done. And I'm now in My EBSCOhost account. So creating a My EBSCOhost folder lets you add items to your folder or work with items in your folder anytime you come back to your search. So anytime that you connect to the ERIC database, you can go to the purple bar and sign in (now it says Sign Out because I'm signed into my account) and get access to the items that are in my folder.

Okay, so I'm going to hit back to backup into my search results. So these are some of the highlights of advanced strategies for searching the ERIC database. I hope that this has helped to give you some more information, and some tools to help you effectively and efficiently search the ERIC database. If you have any questions, please get in contact with us here in the library. Our Get Help / Contact Us page, linked from the left sidebar of library webpages, have all the different ways that you can contact us. You can use Library Chat, call the Research Desk, make an appointment to meet with us online, or email us at

Advanced Searching for PICOT Questions [Transcript]

Hello and welcome to this tutorial about advanced searching strategies for PICOT questions. 

PICOT is a framework used by the discipline of nursing for framing and organizing a clinical question. But the PICOT framework is also useful to help you to search for information about your topic. Because the PICOT framework breaks down the question into individual elements. And those individual elements can then become search terms that you'll use to find information about your topic. 

For today, the sample question that we'll use is: for patients and skilled nursing facilities do bed alarms reduce the number of accidental false. Now let's break down this question into the PICOT elements. So, our "P" or population is patients in skilled nursing facilities. Our "I," or intervention is bed alarms. Our "C," comparison or control group is no bed alarms. Our "O" or outcome is reduce accidental falls. And our "T" or time element: in this case, there isn't one. And for many PICOT questions, time may not be relevant. Now for searching for this topic, usually the places that you want to start are either your "I," your "C "or your "O" terms. For my topic "C" isn't relevant since my comparison is no bed alarms. So I'm going to focus on the intervention and the outcome terms. If I find a lot of information about my topic, then I might go ahead and add in my my "P" or patient population terms. However, if there's not a lot of information, I might decide that other populations, such as patients and hospitals, or patients living at home, might also be relevant to my topic, even if it wasn't what I initially had hoped to find. 

Ok, we're ready to start searching. So I'm going to go to the library's homepage, And there are multiple pathways to get to the nursing databases. For today, I'm going to go to the Subject Guides tab and choose Nursing & Medicine. And then I'll follow the link for CINAHL Plus with Full Text. Okay, so now I'm ready to start searching for my PICOT elements. So I'm going to start by searching for just one element at a time. I'm going to look for the idea of bed alarms. And my goal is to find the best possible search terms for bed alarms before I add the next element of my topic. The way to find the best search terms for my topic is to scroll down until I see the Subject: Major Heading link. And under Subject: Major Heading , I can see the subject headings appearing most frequently in my current search. Now I don't directly see bed alarms here, but I do see several terms that look interesting. I see "equipment, alarm systems," I see "security measures, electronic." OK, those are my two alarm terms. I'm seeing " beds and mattresses." Okay, I might want to get that idea in there. And I'm also discovering that I found that our next element, "accidental falls," has also appeared in this current set of subject headings. So I want to start by grabbing my alarm terms. I'm going to copy "equipment alarm systems." I'm going to go up to the top of the page. I'm going to get rid of the idea of bed alarms and replace it with the first of my alarm terms. Okay, I'm going to scroll back down and get my second alarm term. So after "equipment alarm systems," I'm going to type in the word "or" and put in my next alarm term. And I'm going to go ahead and hit "Search" to search for these type of equipment alarms. Alright, so now I want to narrow this down specifically to bed alarms. So I'm just going to add the word "bed*" with the asterisks on the end of it to look for bed, beds, bedding, any word that starts with those letters. To narrow down my search a bit. Okay, now I want to add the idea of accidental falls. And we already know from our initial search that "accidental falls" is a subject heading used in the CINAHL database. Okay, so now I've got 39 results. Now because this is a pretty small set of search results, I'm probably not going to go back and add in my my "P" or population term. There's just not enough information here on this topic to get more specific. 

Now I also will show another way that you could have used to find the subject headings, or these search terms to use in CINAHL. And that would be by using the CINAHL Subject Heading link at the top of the page in the purple bar. So the CINAHL Subject Heading link is a thesaurus, so it lets you put in your search terms. So I'll put in the idea of "bed alarms." And it's going to try to match what are the best search terms in CINAHL for this topic. And I'll see both "equipment, alarm systems," "beds and mattresses," and then also "security measures, electronic." Now one of the advantages of searching within these CINAHL subject headings is that you get these scope notes. And so the scope note, if I click on it, gives me a definition of what CINAHL means by this term. So this can be useful to figure out, is CINAHL's definition of this term match what you had in mind. And you also may get a reference to an additional search term that you might use. This "Consider also security measures, electronic." And we had already seen that term in the list. But I could look at the scope note for that term as well and learn a little bit more about what's meant by that term. Okay, I decide I want both of these terms. So I'm gonna check mark both of them. And then I have these two columns for additional choices. "Explode" isn't an option for either of my current search terms. If it were an option, what Explode does, is it allows you to search for your search term and also any narrower or more specific subject headings that might be listed under that term. So it would broaden your search by adding in some additional search terms that might also be relevant. On the other hand, the "Major Concept" column would allow you to narrow your search to only find articles where your term is a major concept or a main focus of the article. I'm not going to choose that, that might be too limiting at this point. So I'm just going to go ahead and go to this box over here. I can see my two search terms. I want to combine my terms with OR because I went either "equipment, alarm systems," or "security measures, electronic." And I'm going to "Search Database." I'm going to go ahead and add in the term "bed*" as a keyword and then type in "accidental falls" as well. Okay, and I have 39 results. I also want to note, for the two terms that we looked up in the CINAHL subject headings. Note they're formatted a little differently. This "MH" in front of the term indicates that CINAHL is searching for this term has a subject or as a subject heading. 

Okay, so with my 39 results, I may want to do some additional limits on the left side of the page. In particular, I'm going to check the box for the Peer Reviewed articles. And then I'm going to limit my search by date. And I'll look for the most current seven years, so I'll look for 2013 to the present. Ok, so now I only have 15 articles on my topic, so my search has become quite narrow. So now I'll start taking a look at my search results. I might click on the title, of the first result and my search to see a little bit more information about it. I could look at the abstract to see more of what this article is about. I also recommend keeping an eye on the subject headings just to see are there any other search terms that you might want to add to your search? And looking at these at a glance, I'm not really seeing anything that's directly relevant. Okay, so I could backup. And then maybe take a look at the next article. So we'll learn a little bit more about it by looking at the abstract. And then also keep an eye on those subject headings to see if there any other terms that I might want to add to my search. 

The next step would be looking for the full text. So look for the full-text links like "Linked Full Text." Or it you might also find the "HTML Full Text" or "PDF Full Text" links. If you have a choice, definitely go with the PDF Full Text links, since it will have images or graphs that may have been included in the article. It also have will have the original page layout and page numbering, which will help you with citing information within the article as well. If you don't get an immediate link to full text, use these Get it @ UP links and Get it @ UP is a helper tool to help you figure out how can you get this article through the library. So this article's available online. Here's a Get it Now link that I can follow to get the full text of the article. It's going to take me either to a database or to a journal website where the full text of the article is available. So here's the full text. Here's a link to the PDF. If for any reason that link didn't work or if there wasn't a Get it Now link, Follow the "Request from Interlibrary Loan" link to request a copy of this article. And the library will get a copy for you from another library, usually within just a few days. And we'll send you an email as soon as your article is available. And we don't place any limits on the numbers of items that you can request and we don't charge for requesting. So we encourage you for free to request the information that you need for your research. 

As you find articles that you're interested in, you also will want to save those articles so you can get access to them later. So on the right-hand side bar, you have options to Print, Email, Save, or get a citation for the article. And if you want to save a link for the article, use the Permalink on the right-hand side of the page. So don't use this URL in the browser at the top of the page, the URL at the top of the page is temporary. It eventually will timeout if you take an extended coffee break or step away from the computer for a while, when you come back, this URL [in the browser] may have expired. The permalink, however, is permanent. So if I click on it, the permalink will appear here at the top of the page so you can copy it and save it. You can share it with a colleague or share it with your professor, or just bookmark it on your computer so you can get back to it later. 

So I hope this tutorial has helped you to learn some advanced searching strategies for PICOT questions and for searching the CINAHL database. If you have any questions about your research, please contact us in the library. You can go to the library's Get Help: Contact Us webpage. It's linked from any library webpage. And it lists all the different ways that you can get in contact with us. You can use our 24/7 Library Chat, You could call the research desk and leave a voicemail for us and we'll get back to you. You can make an appointment to meet with one of the librarians, either online (through Zoom), or by phone. Or you can email your question to So please be in touch as you have questions about your research.

Connect Google Scholar to Clark Library Full Text [Transcript]

This tutorial will show you how to set up a connection between Google Scholar and the Clark Library so you will avoid situations like this one where you're asked to pay to access articles. This connection makes it easier for you to access full text through the library subscriptions as well as through our interlibrary loan service at no cost to you. 

Here's how to do it. >> Go to the three lines in the upper left of your search results page and select "Settings." On the Settings page, choose the "Library Links" tab, which might be on the left as shown here or across the top if you're on a smaller screen like on a mobile device.

Once you're on the Library Links page, type "Portland" into the search box and select the Search button. Choose University of Portland, check the box here. Then you'll want to save your settings, so choose the Save button. You'll return to your results page, where you can see now "GET it @ UP" links along the right hand side of the screen.Sometimes, as on the second page here, you don't have "GET it @ UP" links. Sometimes they're hidden. To see them, look for the double angle brackets. When you mouse over those, it says "more." Select any "GET it @ UP" linkto begin the process of obtaining full text. You'll go to a page where you might be able to access the article online, such as here. And if not, there will always be a link to request from interlibrary loan so that you can obtain the article at no cost to you. >> Contact us if you need help.

Watch Video

Finding eBooks and Streaming Media [Transcript]

To locate e-books and streaming media through the through the Clark library.You might use the UP library search catalog as one useful tool. You'll want to change your search. The default is the UP + Summit + articles. So change to UP only to be sure you're accessing the things that we own and, and then you'll run whatever search.

So today I'm interested in "ants," and you'll search and your results might include some electronic things already. But to be sure that you're only looking at electronic content, you'll come over to the left-hand side of the screen and the format list. And you might have to choose Show More to see a full list of formats. eBooks is one option, and streaming video and audio is another. You can select both of those or either one that's relevant to me.  Then I'll come down to the bottom and choose the Apply Filters button. And now my results are all electronic and available to me online.

Watch Video

Getting Full Text from Publisher's Web Site [Transcript]

This tutorial will show you what to do when you find an article in library database -- such as this article here -- you select Get It @ UP and the Get it Now link takes you to the publisher's website rather than directly to the article. You can quickly solve this problem.

Usually, somewhere on the site there will be a list of the years available in the library subscription. Such as here on the lower left. Sometimes you'll have to select an archive button to get there.

To find the article you want, you need to go back or remember the year in which the article was published. You can find the year in the source information on the original library database page. The publication year is 2015, so you'll select 2015 on the journal site. This will take you to a sub-list of all the issues, these numbers published during the year 2015. You can see that all of them are from volume 170.

To figure out the issue number, you'll go back to your original search in the library database and locate the issue number in the source line. It's number 13. Select number 13 on the journal site. And you're sent to another page with multiple articles published in that volume and issue number. Scroll down. You can find the PDF link for the article you're looking for.

Watch Video

Getting to Full Text via PubMed from Natural Medicines [Transcript]

Welcome to this tutorial on connecting to full text from the Natural Medicines database using PubMed. The Natural Medicines database is an authoritative resource for information about complementary and alternative medicine. Within each tool you’ll find the level of evidence with citations to support use of each therapy for certain medical conditions and for contraindications. The Natural Medicines editorial staff have created a tutorial about using the database, so this tutorial will focus on obtaining the full text. As our example, we're going to look at a report about nasal irrigation and in the Professional Monograph look at the Mechanism of Action. Throughout the text you’ll see 5-digit numbers in blue, in this case 16135 and 16136. These are identification numbers for citations on the Natural Medicines bibliography of evidence. If we choose one, we'll see the entries for 16135 and 16136 in the Natural Medicines bibliography.

The first one has no link because it is a citation to another database maintained by the company that produces Natural Medicines, but the second one (16136) has a “View abstract” link that will take you to the PubMed record for the citation. PubMed is a publicly-available index to biomedical publications produced by the National Library of Medicine. You might know its closely-related subscription version, MEDLINE. If I choose the "View abstract" link, I'll go to the PubMed record. Notice in the upper right-hand corner that there are two Full text links. These will take you to the full text of the article.Occasionally the PubMed record will not have a Full Text Link, or the Full Text link will take you to a page that tells you to pay for the article. In this case you might be able to find the article elsewhere, or you can order the article through interlibrary loan. You can find out if these outcomes are possible by traveling through the library’s special connection to PubMed. This might seem daunting, but it will save you time.

Here’s how to do it: First, note the PMID. This is a unique number for each PubMed record. Then, go to the library’s alphabetical listing of databases and select the link to PubMed.Enter the PMID in the PubMed search box as shown here, and select "Search". The result will have a “Get it @ UP” button that will either take you to the full text of the article, or to a page from which you can order the article through interlibrary loan. In this case, the article is not available, but we have a link then to UP ILLiad, the University's interlibrary loan system.At this point you would log in to your UP ILLiad account, and the form will all be filled out for you, except for of course the "Need by" date. And that should save you some time. Thanks for watching! If you have any questions, ask a reference librarian.

Watch Video

How To: Access Industry Reports [Transcript]

I'm starting from the industry page on the business 200 course guide, and I'd like to introduce you to industry reports. These provide detailed statistics on an industry with some explanatory text and analysis. The Library subscribes to several databases providing industry reports, and this video will cover three of them: IBISWorld, Business Insights: Global, and Statista. IBISWorld and Business Insights: Global both allow searching by NAICS code. And IBISWorld sometimes extends codes beyond the usual six digits to cover even more specific industries. Let's start with IBISWorld. Okay, I'm going to type31211 for my example NAICS code. This code is for the soft drink and ice manufacturing industry. And you can see that IBISWorld puts letters at the end of the code to break out soda versus juice vs. bottled water. Let's take a closer look at the juice production report. All reports will have same structure. There's a lot of useful content. So I'll just touch on a few highlights.

The About page gives you an overview of the industry, including its supply chain, with links to reports for supply and demand industries. And key external drivers, which are usually statistics gathered by the federal government and thatyou'd have to look up elsewhere. The Industry at a Glance, another section, will have infographics, key trends, and an executive summary. Towards the end of the report, Operating Conditions has some of the macroeconomic environment,macro-environment information that you might want, such as technology and systems, or regulation and policy. Next, we'll look at Business Insights: Global. You can use your NAICS code to access this database as well, if you change the search boxto search industry. So I'll use the code I used to search IBISWorld, 31211, soft drink manufacturing, and search. When you arrive at the industry profile, you'll see industry essays that examine various sub industries. And you can see those here, soft drinks and bottled water, premium bottled beverages, premium non-alcoholic beverages. So I'm interested in juice, I would probably look at the premium bottled beverages because that includes a little bit on juice drinks. And notice on the left-hand side, Market Share Reports, Rankings, and there might be some useful information there, too The third major industry report database I want to show you is Statista. That one does not use NAICS. So you search by keyword only, and I'll search for orange juice. When you see a dossier, that's a set of data charts that you can download as a PDF or as PowerPoint slides.There's the table of contents.

We can take a look at consumption figures. Per capita consumption, share of Americans who drink a specific brand, and each chart, once you get to it, has the source information. So you can link to it to see if any other information might be useful. And you can cite that original source. If it did happen that this data was coming from an open source, like a government website, then you could go over to that resource and locate more data or newer data.

Watch Video

How To: Access Research Guides [Transcript]

Want to take a Do It Yourself approach to locating the information sources you need? The most effective way to findacademic sources is to use the Clark Library's research guides that you'll find front and center on the library's homepage, The guides are great starting points for your research because they'll help you quickly identify the most helpful library search tools to find the kinds of sources needed for many class assignments. Subject guides orient you to the library databases and other quality sources supporting UP's majors and minors. Within each guide, for example, biology,you'll find pages to help you locate specific types of sources, such as articles or videos, or to orient you to a specific area of study, such as anatomy and physiology in this guide. All the subject guides will also have tips on citing sources in your assignments.

Give yourself an advantage in academic research by getting to know the subject guides in your areas of interest.Course Guides support specific courses, often ones that have a guest visit from a librarian to teach you about research. For courses with multiple sections, for example, Theology 205, There might be a guide for each professor if their approaches to teaching are different. Course guides might also give you searching tips that will save you time in finding the information you need, or as on this page, remind you how to obtain that information. The best part is the course guides are always available, and you can revisit them at any time.

Watch Video

How To: Avoid Plagiarism [Transcript]

In this video, we're going to focus on plagiarism. So let's begin with a definition. Plagiarism occurs when you use information from another source and then fail to give proper credit to that source, usually through a citation. It doesn't matter if you copy information word for word, or if you change or rearrange words. If you fail to give credit, It's still plagiarism and you can still get in trouble for it.

There are two types of plagiarism. The first, intentional plagiarism, occurs when someone purposely tries to pass the ideas of others off as their own. And the second, unintentional plagiarism, occurs when someone doesn't understand plagiarism well enough to know that what they've done is, in fact, plagiarism. Both intentional and unintentional plagiarism are wrong. Avoiding either type begins with knowing what plagiarism is and ends with always remembering to cite your sources.

So now that you have some basic knowledge about what plagiarism is, the next step is learning strategies for avoiding it. First, put down the copy and paste. Second, use quotation marks. Third, paraphrase or summarize. Fourth, make it about you. And finally, cite your sources. Let's talk about these five strategies in a bit more detail.

Strategy one, put down the copy and paste. Well, copy and paste is a great shortcut for capturing and transferring words and images. Using it too much can lead to situations where you might lose track of where the original text came from or that it originally came from someone else's work at all. Making notes on what you're reading, rather than lifting it completely from the original source, will help you process and understand the information, so when it does come time to write your paper or give a presentation, it will be easier to resist the impulse to take a shortcut strategy to use quotations. What's tempting about using the exact wording from the original source is that the author may have made the exact point you wanted to make, but you just couldn't find the right words to say it. And when they've already said it so well, making changes may just seem like a waste of energy.

The good news is that it's okay to use the original author's exact wording, but only if you remember to put quotes around it and give proper credit. This shows you not only have good taste, but you also know how to give credit where it's due.

Strategy three, paraphrase or summarize. Quoting is all well and good. But it's not as though you can string together a bunch of quotes and just hand in that for your assignment. You need to show your own thinking as well, including the connections you're making between the readings you are doing and the ideas you're learning. Instead of using direct quotes, you can paraphrase or summarize the original source in your own words. Keep in mind that paraphrasing is more than just changing a few words or rearranging the ideas. It's okay if the ideas or someone else's, so long as the citation is in place and the words are your own.

Strategy four: make it about you. When it comes to the paper you are writing, remember that you are the star. Your paper should be all about you: Your ideas about what you're learning in class, your interpretation of the sources you've found and the connections you are making between all of these things. You are showing what you know and how you know it. Remember that the sources you use are there to support your ideas and thoughts, not the other way around.

Strategy five: cite your information in writing. Citation serves two purposes. The first is to give credit to those whose words we have used in our own writing. The second is to tell your reader where you got your information, so if they want to look further into the topic, they know where to find it. For these reasons, citation is the only surefire way to avoid plagiarism. It tells your readers where you got your information and where they can get it too. Accurately formatting citations can be tricky. But luckily, there is help.

Your instructor will tell you what format to use, usually either APA, MLA, or Chicago style. Once you know which format you're using, there are online and print materials that will tell you how to cite a variety of sources.

There are also writing tutors and librarians on campus who can help you get it right.

As a note, if you choose to use a citation generator to create your citations, remember that the citations they give you will often contain errors. So you always want to check those citations to make sure they're accurate. And then you're good to go.

Watch Video

How To: Create a Publication Alert in EBSCO Databases

This video will show you how to receive alerts via e-mail when a new issue of a publication is available in an EBSCO database.
Note that to receive an EBSCO alert, you'll need to have a "My EBSCO" account. Your UP credentials won't work.
If you need to set up an account, select Sign In in the bar at the top of the page, then select "Create one now" and go through the steps.
If you already have an account, sign in.
You can set up an alert for any publication represented in an EBSCO database, whether the full text is provided or not. Start by selecting the item title, and then select the source title.
The next page will be one of two pages. You might see a Publication Details page. Select Share on the right hand side and under "Create an alert" select "e-mail alert." Or, you might see a list of articles within the journal. Similarly, you would select "Share" and then the same "e-mail alert" option.
In either case, to have the most customization of your alert, select Advanced Settings, and make sure you set these options as you want them: How long do you want the alert to run for? Do you want Brief, citation only, or Detailed -- citation and abstract information? You might uncheck the "Limit EBSCO Access" box. You'll want to email all alerts and notices. Of course, you'll want to add your email address. Set a subject, if you want, and decide if you want a plain text email or HTML.
Select "Save," and now the alert is saved on your account. In your email, you should receive a notification that you're all set.

How To: Explore Mintel Reports [Transcript]

Ok, I'm on the Market page of the BUS 200 guide and we're going to look at Mintel Reports. Mintel Reports is an important resource for marketing research on consumer behavior and consumer attitudes. Things like, how do consumers decide which product to purchase? What are the product attributes that they look for? You'll find reports on consumer products, and also on demographic groups. To access the reports, you have to click through a license. You have to agree to use the informationfor academic, non-commercial purposes, not to resell the information and to cite it appropriately in your papers. I agree and continue. There are three ways to access the reports. 1) Through the search box, by keyword, not industry code. Single keywords are most effective. And by the way, you can't put "or" in between words to find synonyms. Instead, try searching for each synonym separately. You can also search through the category menu. And there are other ways to search within the category. So we have demographic searching, trend drivers, and our region is North America.

Another approach is throughthe consumer data portal, up at the top here, where you can see the reports arranged from newest to oldest. Okay, so here's my "Juice and Juice Drinks" report. The reports all have a similar structure. At the top, you can download various files,including the full report and the full data set, the Databook, the data behind the report, so you can run your own analyses.Next, the Interactive Databook helps you put together your own charts and also tells you where there are significant differences in the data, what the margins of error are, and other statistical details. I recommend taking the tour before you get started using the Interactive Databook. Here's the tour. Each report has the same four main sections. The Market section covers market drivers. And you might also see a market forecast. Under Consumer, you might find usage, attitudes, behavior.Brand, company... slash company, might give you key players, market share, and possibly another forecast. And the data section gives you another opportunity to access the databook, and an appendix with the data sources and an explanation of abbreviations used in the report. Have fun exploring!

Watch Video

How to: Find Book Reviews [Transcript]

Hello and welcome to this tutorial about finding book reviews. 

Let's say you want to find a review of this book: Empire's Crossroads: A History of the Caribbean from Columbus to the Present Day. From the library's website, There are several places where I could search for book reviews. 

The first is our library catalog, UP Library Search, which is the search box here on the library's homepage. I would want to search under UP + Summit + Articles, since book reviews will be included as part of those articles. Just enter the title of the book into the search box and press Search or hit the Enter key. And my search results will include both the book itself, look for the words Print Book about the citation, as well as book reviews. So look for the word Reviews above the citation. Or I could focus my search to only find book reviews by using the left sidebar. Under the Format menu, I can choose Reviews. And if you don't see the Reviews option, choose the Show More link to see the complete list of Formats. So I'll choose Reviews to focus my search to only book reviews. To access the reviews choose either the title of the review or the Available Online link. And this will take me to a list of options for accessing the full text of this review. So there's multiple Get it now links which connect to library databases or other places where you could get the full text of this review. If there's more than one Get it now link, try the first one and if for any reason, it doesn't take you to the full text. Then try the next one in the list. So I'll try the first Get it now link, which will connect me to a library database. And now I can choose the HTML Full Text link in order to access the full text of the review. So here is the text of my book review. I go back to the library catalog. I'll point out that if you didn't have Get it now links or if they Get it now links didn't take you to the full text of the review. You always have the option to request the review from interlibrary loan. So just choose this link, request the item, the library will obtain a PDF of that book review for you, and we'll send you an email letting you know when its available. 

I'm going to return to the library's home page. And another place where you can search for book reviews is by searching an academic database that covers the subject area which is closely related to the subject of your book. So for the book that we're researching today, history would be the closest subject area. So to find the best places to search, I can choose the Subject Guides tab, and then choose History. And the Best Bets for History recommend the best article databases for searching for articles related to history. And these include America: History and Life, which covers America and Canada, or Historical Abstracts, which covers the rest of the world. For the Caribbean, I'm going to choose Historical Abstracts. So now I'm connected to the Historical Abstracts database. I can type in the title of my book. And to limit to reviews, I could choose, under Document Type, to limit specifically to book reviews. And then I can choose the search button to search for reviews of this book. Ok and I find two possibilities. The second one is clearly the title of my book, and I have two full-text links. If you have a choice, choose PDF Full Text, which will offer you the original page layout, including original page numbers and any images or graphs that might have been included. So here's the full text of my book review. And I could choose to Download the PDF, or I could use the icons on the right sidebar to print or to email the book review to myself. 

I hope this tutorial has helped you to learn more about options for finding book reviews. If you have any questions, please go to the library's Get Help/Contact Us, linked from the left sidebar of any library webpage. For all the ways that you can contact the library: chat, telephone, make an appointment, or send an email to the reference librarians. So please be in touch as you have any questions about your research.

How To: Find Course Readings [Transcript]

The library has a course reserves service that your professors can choose to use to make assigned course readings available to you in one place. This can be an alternative to purchasing or renting books and save you some money. 

There are a few ways to access the system. You can log on by choosing course reserves from the library homepage, or connect through MyApps. Scroll down and choose library course reserves. If you use the service a lot, you can bookmark the direct URL ( in your browser. You might also see a link to course reserves from your class page in Moodle. 

We recommend that right before the start of a semester, you log onto the library course reserves system with your UP account to see what is there for your classes. If any of your courses are not in the list, that usually means those professors opted not to use the Library's course reserve service. However, we do recommend checking course reserves throughout the semester as some professors add more readings later or start using the service. 

Course reserves items can include a range of sources, such as books, book chapters, articles, and websites. Many are available online, which is very convenient when you need to read them. If you are local, some are available as print items that you can check out from the library service desk and borrow for a limited time. Those items will have a call number rather than online for the location. You can also activate an alert to receive emails if your professor adds any new items to course reserves.

Watch Video

How To: Find NAICS Codes [Transcript]

You have heard about using synonyms when searching a database. But wouldn't it be nice to not have to do that? When you're looking for information about an industry, many databases will use a numeric code for the industry in addition to words. Regardless of the words that database uses to describe the industry, the code is stable across all of the databases.

Let's go to the business 200 course guide to learn more. I'll start from the library homepage, library dot UP dot edu. Select the course guides tab and look for business 200.We'll start with the industry page in this guide. The numeric codes on the previous slide are part of the North American Industry Classification System. NAICS, for short. It's used by Canada, the United States, and Mexico to make sure their governments are gathering statistics on the same industries. You have some information about NAICS here. And if we scroll down, there's a link to I like to use to browse the NAICS list. And you can see that NAICS starts with two digit codes that divide the countries' economies into different sectors. And as I select longer codes, the industry is divided into smaller industry sectors. Notice there's manufacturing, wholesale, retail, different codes for different sectors. So as I select these two digit codes, then I see longer codes. And there might be further digits added up to a six digit level, becoming increasingly specific. So this is one method to locate NAICS codes.

Another method is to look up your company in a database and see what codes the industry [database] producer has assigned to it. So back on the course guide, Hoover's Company Profiles and Mergent Online are useful resources for this approach. Frequently they will provide more than one NAICS code for the major industries that the company is part of. Most large companies areinvolved in many industries. Let's take a look at Hoover's. In the Hoover's company profiles. Let's say I'm interested in Colombia Sportswear. Here's the profile. And I scroll through here to the list of NAICS codes. Since this is our first time seeing them, I'd also like to mention sometimes people ask about this other set, these four digit numbers. This is Standard Industrial Classification, aka SIC or "sick" codes. This code structure predated The NAICS system and is no longer updated,but you'll still see them occasionally. The NAICS codes are the current ones. They're the ones that are updated as new industry sectors appear. The other tool you might use to look up NAICS codes is Mergent Online. After you look up a company, you'll see a profile where the company's primary industry is listed at the top of the page. You'll find additional NAICS codes on the Business page under Company Details. And be sure to write down the NAICS codes that could be useful each time you visit the database, because each database might assign different codes. And you want to get to know all of the industries that your company is involved in.

Watch Video

How to: Locate Preferred Terms for a Database Search [Transcript]

This tutorial will help you be sure you've found all the relevant articles on your topic.
Records in the library's academic databases often contain preferred terms for searching on the subjects of an article. The librarians who created these databases have assigned subject terms to each article when they add the article to the database. If you use the preferred term, you'll locate all of the articles on that topic regardless of the words authors use.
For example, in the major nursing database, CINAHL Plus with Full Text, if you start your search for verbal order policy, you'll find just four results, while if you search for the preferred term, medical orders, and add verbal, you'll have nearly 100.
So let's see how you can determine the preferred term. One way is to locate at least one good article on your topic. Then you can find similar articles just by selecting one of the subject terms assigned to your article. In the CINAHL database, subject terms are referred to as major subjects and minor subjects when they are listed after the primary citation information. Selecting any of these links will take you to a list of all the articles which have been assigned that subject term.
Another approach is to search the list of preferred terms directly. It's often called a thesaurus or called Subject Headings. In CINAHL, the Thesaurus is available through the CINAHL Subject Headings link in the purple bar at the top of the page. If you type "verbal orders" in the search box, you will find that "medical orders" is the most relevant subject term that has been assigned to all the articles on verbal orders or medical orders. Note that there might be other useful terms listed here, such as "nursing orders." Selecting checkboxes in the thesaurus, and then selecting the Search button on the right-hand side of the screen will yield all the articles on these topics.
Most academic databases have this feature; they just give it different names. For example, if you are searching in the ERIC database for articles in the field of education, the preferred subject terms, which you'll see in an article record are called descriptors. They function the same way as in the CINAHL database. If you select a descriptor, you will obtain a list of all the articles assigned that term, even if authors don't use that term in their text.
In this example, I've searched for "illiterate adults" in ERIC and obtained less than 500 results. Since both CINAHL and ERIC databases are hosted by the EBSCO platform, the link to the ERIC Thesaurus is also in the bar at the top of the main page, and it functions the same way as the CINAHL Headings link does in the CINAHL database. I'll find more relevant articles on this topic if I go to the thesaurus and search for illiterate adults and identify the preferred descriptors, "Adult literacy" or "illiteracy," Because librarians have assigned these terms to all the articles about illiterate adults, again, selecting checkboxes and then the Add button adds these subjects to the search box. Selecting the Search button takes you to the list of articles that have the subjects assigned to them, over seven thousand, in this case.

How To: Locate the Full Text [Transcript]

This video will show you how to locate an entire source, the full text, when you've identified a useful item in the library databases that help you locate scholarly materials. As reminder, you can identify the library databases that could be useful to you by using the library's subject and course guides.

After you search. In many cases, the entire source will be included within your list of results. You might see HTML full text or PDF full-text. The HTML full text is on the same page as the article information. It's presented as one long page. The PDF full text looks just like the original publication.

Sometimes when you select an article title, you will only see an abstract or a description and no full text. In those cases, the full text is not far away! All you have to do is use the Get It @ UP link. The Get it @ UP tool searches the Clark Library subscriptions to find the full text.

After you select Get It @ UP, the next page shows you where the full text is available. Select a link under "Get it now" to connect and download it.

If you select the Get It @ UP tool and there are no links to full text, or if a link does not connect you to the right place to obtain the full text, then choose the "Request from interlibrary loan" link. We will get it from another library and deliver it to you within a few days. Log in using your University of Portland credentials. If you've set up an account, the link takes you directly to a request form. Make sure the required information is filled in and submit the request.

Within three days or so, you should receive an email with a link back to the interlibrary loan service, where the PDF of the article is ready for you. Log in, and then you can download it to your computer. The PDF will leave your account after 30 days, or you can delete it before then.

Watch video

How to: Search Historical New York Times Articles [Transcript]

Hello and welcome to this tutorial about searching the New York Times historical database. 

To connect to the New York Times, go to the library's homepage,, and choose the Subject Guides tab. And you could access The New York Times under either News or History. For today, we'll choose History and choose the Primary Sources tab, where there's a Newspapers box, where you could find all of our online newspapers for Oregon, for across the U.S., outside of the U.S. Or newspaper indexes which offer only citations rather than full text. New York Times is under U.S. Here's The New York Times (ProQuest Historical Newspapers). Note that the coverage is 1851 through 2016. So I'm going to connect to the New York Times. 

And today I want to search for articles about the Battle of Lorraine, which happened during World War I. Now at the time period that the battle occurred, the battle probably didn't have a name yet. So I'm going to put in the word "battle" and "Lorraine" because I would expect both of those words to appear in articles about that battle. Note as well, the capitalization doesn't matter. I can enter Lorraine a capital L or a lowercase l, and it won't make a difference in my search results. Now I want to focus my search by publication date. So I'm going to choose a Specific Date Range. And I will enter the months in which the battle occurred. Now I could put in the specific dates of the battle, but I also want to find articles from the dates immediately before or immediately after the battle, which might also be of interest to me. So I'm going to search just by month and year. And it'll find 99 results. 

Now note by default that your search results are sorted by relevance. So the best articles, the best matches will come up at the top of the results. If you prefer to look through the articles chronologically, you could sort by Oldest First Most Recent First. So if I search for Oldest First, I would find articles at first which maybe don't look very relevant because they occur before the start of the battle. As I scroll further into my results, I'll get to the start of the battle and articles about what was occurring. But for now I'm going to go back to my search by Relevance. And I can quickly skim the titles to see articles that might be of interest. I can see the dates, so I know when the articles occurred during the timeline of the battle. 

Or I could click on a title to go to the full text of the article. So here's the PDF of the full text of this article. And in addition, you can access a PDF; a PDF of the page views with the entire page on which this article appears. So here's the article that we were looking at. But now we can see other headlines, other articles on this page which might also be of interest to us, where it also helps to put these events in context with what else was occurring in the world at this time period. Now I have a couple of choices of what I can do with these PDFs. I can download them. I can email it to myself, I could print it out, or I also can get a citation. 

So if I click on Cite, you can choose a variety of different citation styles. For history, you would want Chicago 17th edition. So you could copy this citation, paste it into a Word document or a bibliography. But keep in mind, you'll want to verify the citation to make it accurate. Citations the database provides are good head starts. They usually include the information you need to cite the article. The Chicago Style formatting may not be entirely accurate. So check this citation against your favorite Chicago Style guide. And the Subject Guides often include a link to a Cite Sources tab; for History. It's Cite Sources: Chicago that will link you to a citation guide that we created in the UP library, the Purdue OWL, the online Chicago Manual of Style. So different sources that you can go to to verify this citation. 

So I hope this has helped to give you a headstart in how to access historical newspaper articles from The New York Times. Please contact the library if you have any questions about finding newspaper articles or anything else related to your research.

How to: Search Historical Times of London Articles [Transcript]

Hello and welcome to this tutorial about searching for newspaper articles from The Times of London.

In order to access the Times of London, go to the library's website,, and choose the Subject Guides tab. Under the Subject Guides tab, you can connect to the Times of London from either News or History. For today, we'll choose History, and go to the Primary Sources tab. And the Newspapers box will connect you to a variety of online newspapers from Oregon, from across the U.S., from outside of the U.S., or newspapers that offer citations only rather than full text. For the Times we want Outside of the U.S. And note we have two options for accessing the Times of London: the Times Digital Archive, which covers 1785 to 2014, or the Sunday Times Digital Archive, which covers 1822 to 2006. For today, we want the Times Digital Archive.

And I want to search for articles about Napoleon's escape from Elba. So I'm going to type in "napoleon and elba." Note the capitalization doesn't matter. I can enter my search terms in lowercase or uppercase, and I will get the same results. Now, Napoleon escaped from Elba in 1815; right up front, I get over 800 results and the top results are from prior to his escape. So I went to filter or focus my search by publication date, so I can find articles closer to the time period of his escape. So I will choose Between and I will enter the date of his escape, which was the 20th of March, 1815. And I'll look for articles through the end of March, so the 31st of March, 1815. Now Apply my results. Okay, now I have just six articles from that time period.

Now from the article titles, it's not always clear how the article refers to Napoleon or Elba. You could go to the Keyword Preview to see some of your keywords in context. So I can see it looks like there's some kind of statement by Napoleon in this particular article. So I will click on the title of the article so that I can see more detail and see the full text of the article. Okay, so here's the beginning of the title of my article. I could scroll through it. I could try to move around, or I have the option to look at my Search Term Hits. So it looks like three of my search terms matched within the article. And if I click on it, I can see, okay, here's the end of that statement by Napoleon. So I can take a closer look at it. And I also could scroll further through the article, and see: here's a reference to Elba; I see it's a reference to when Napoleon left the Isle of Elba. So this article looks like it's something that I might want to take a closer look at. Now I'll also note, while you are immediately looking at the PDF of the text of this specific article, you also have the option to look at the text of the entire page of the newspaper, so that you could see this article in context. So here was our article from the Journal of the Department of the Rhone. Looks like on this page there are also French Papers. So I could look at other articles from that same page of the newspaper. Or I can toggle back to my specific article.

Now, in order to save this article, I have a row of icons of a variety of ways that I could save this content. I could send it or email it to myself. I could download it. I can print it. I could get a link. So a stable or permanent link or permalink to help me get back directly to this article. And, as in many other library databases, you also can cite the article. So if I choose Cite, I have a choice of three main citation styles; for history, you would want to choose Chicago 17th edition. And then you could copy this bibliography citation and put it into your paper. But keep in mind when you copy a citation, you want to verify it to make sure the Chicago style is accurate. Often there are some minor changes or tweaks that are needed in order to make these citations accurate. So compare it against your favorite Chicago style source. If I go back to the subject guide, there's a Cite Sources: Chicago tab that links to a variety of sources you could use: the Chicago Style Citation Guide we've created in the UP Library, the Purdue OWL Chicago Style page, or the online version of the Chicago Manual of Style.

I hope this tutorial has helped you to be able to find an access full text newspaper articles from the digital archive of The Times of London. Please contact the library through any of these methods, if you have any questions about finding newspaper articles or any other aspect of your research.

How to: Search JSTOR [Transcript]

Hello and welcome to this tutorial about searching the JSTOR database. Now first, why might you want to search the JSTOR database? So JSTOR is a huge interdisciplinary collection of the full text of scholarly journals. Now something that's important to know about JSTOR is that JSTOR was originally created to be an archive of the back files of scholarly journals. So that means for journals that are included in JSTOR, JSTOR will often have all the way back to volume one, which might have been published in the early 1800s. So JSTOR is great for historical research, really taking a deep dive into the history of scholarly publishing in articles in different subject areas. Now the trade-off is JSTOR often will not include the most current issues of journals that are in the JSTOR database. So the most current three to five years worth of issues of those journals may not be included in JSTOR. So JSTOR won't be as strong for current events or current research. Other databases will do a better job at giving that more current literature. 

Now in order to access JSTOR, you can get to it in a couple ways from the library's website, which is just First, beneath the search box, you can go to the A-Z databases link and then choose the letter J and follow the link to JSTOR, or also from the library's homepage, JSTOR is linked for many of our subject guides, including the History Guide. And under More Resources for History, I can find a link to JSTOR. 

Okay, so when I connect to JSTOR, so here's just some simple search boxes for searching JSTOR. Today I'm looking for articles about the Washington Monument. Now something that is important to keep in in JSTOR is when you are searching JSTOR, you're searching literally every word in the full text of articles that are included in JSTOR. That means that your search results can often be huge. You might find articles that just had one brief mention of one of your search terms. You can limit your search in a variety of ways. By default you're searching all fields. So generally the title of the article and the full text of the article; you could limit your search to words in the item title. And I sometimes will do this if I'm getting just too huge of search results, I'll limit my search to articles where some of my search terms appear in the title of that article. You also could limit your search by abstract. So to find articles where your search terms appear in the abstract. However, I find that not all articles included in JSTOR include an abstract. So you can end up missing some articles that would be relevant to you that just didn't include an abstract. So I'll usually start with an All Fields search. And then I might come back later and change my search to Item Title if I want to find more specific articles that definitely mentioned my topic. So I'll start with All Fields and then choose Submit Advanced Search. 

And when my search results appear, as I suspected, I have a large search over 57,000 results. But as I quickly look at my results, I can also see the date range that is covered by the JSTOR database. For my first two articles are from 1847 and 1846. So these articles were from a time period when people were just starting to consider building something that would become the Washington Monument. And then my third article is more current, from 2012, about engineering the Washington Monument, talking about the earthquake that impacted the Washington monument in August 2011. 

Now, I may want to limit my search to get a little bit more focused. And the left sidebar gives a variety of limit options. So JSTOR does largely includes journals, but it also includes book chapters or research reports. So I can limit my search to journals right up front. Limiting by publication date can also be important in JSTOR for this topic if I want more articles from the time period when the Washington Monument was being constructed, I might limit my search to 1840 to 1900 and get articles from that earlier time period. If I want more current articles, looking back at the Washington Monument, how it was created, its significance over time, I might limit my search to 1980, (so not super current, but more contemporary) to 2020. So I'm going to apply this limit to find the more current articles. And one more important limit you can do, is under Subject, you can see all of the subject areas that are included in the JSTOR database. And I can choose Show more to see the complete list. So by choosing a subject, this allows you to focus your search to a subject area so that you're only finding articles that were published in a journal from that discipline. So I'm interested in history. So I'm going to limit my search to History and find only articles from history journals. Okay, and that reduced my search pretty significantly. I have about 6500 results now. 

Now I also could focus or limit my search by adding more search terms. So in the search box. I want to find articles about funding the Washington Monument. So I'm going to type in funding and send my search and then see the results that I get. Okay, so this first article catches my eye, Design Proposals for the Washington National Monument. Now I don't see the word funding yet, but I want to find out how does this article talk about funding for the Washington monument. So I can click on the title of the article to see more information. I can see the citation of the article, some links to the article or URLs for the article. I can page through the article. Here's the first page. I can scroll through to the next page. But I want to quickly find where the word funding has mentioned within this 36-page article. Now I could go to the list of search matches. And this will show me all the pages in the article where are my search terms appear. Now the challenge with this search is the words "Washington Monument" probably appear on just about every page within the article. And I want to know where the word "funding" appears. So your best way to do that is go straight to download the PDF. So I'm going to choose download the PDF. And JSTOR will prompt me to accept their license agreement. So I'm going to accept and proceed to download. And then the PDF will start downloading in this lower left corner of the screen. Okay, now that I have the PDF, I can search within it. So I could go to Edit and Find, or use the quick keys of Control-F or on a Mac it's probably Command-F. And I can search for the word "funding." And okay, here's the word "funding." And I'm seeing some dollar signs. So I got to a section of the article where they're talking about how the Washington Monument was funded. 

Okay, a few other things to highlight in JSTOR. In addition to downloading, I can also save this article or save the citation. And there's a button where I can cite this item. So if I choose Cite this Item, JSTOR will give me a citation for this item and a variety of different styles. For history I would use Chicago style. Keep in mind, anytime that you get a citation from a library database, copy it, but then verify it; check it against a Chicago style source to confirm if the citation is accurate, where to see if there's anything that might need to be revised to make the citation accurate for that citation style. And one of the places where you can get some Chicago style help is if I go back to the subject guide, the last tab of the Subject Guide is Cite Sources: Chicago. And we link to a citation guide we've created in the UP Library as well as the Purdue OWL, and the online version of the Chicago Manual of Style. So these are all places where you could get an example of what a good article citation should look like. 

Okay, back in JSTOR, I'll also show if I go back to the search results screen, you also can quickly access the buttons to Download PDF, to Save, or to Cite the Item from here. 

So I hope this tutorial has helped you to get more information about searching the JSTOR database, and ways that you can focus or improve your searching within the JSTOR database. If you have any questions about searching JSTOR, or any other aspect of finding information through the library, please contact us. Our Get Help/Contact Us web page has all the ways you could reach us. From Library Chat, which is a 24/7 service. You can call and leave a voicemail for the reference librarians and we'll respond. You can make an appointment to meet with us online or by phone or email your questions to the reference librarians at So we wish you good luck with your research and we hope that you'll be in touch as you have questions about your research.

Watch video

How to Send EBSCO Database Citations to Your RefWorks Account [Transcript]

Welcome to this tutorial on adding EBSCO citations to RefWorks. To add EBSCO citations to RefWorks, identify useful items in your results list. Select the "Add to Folder" icon to the right of each citation that you want to send to RefWorks.I'll add this one, and this one. Note that the icon turns from blue to yellow. When you're done, look for the "Folder has Items" box. You'll find it at the right-hand side. Select the "Folder View" link. On the folder page, select the "Export" iconto send your citations to RefWorks.

On the next page, notice that the default option is RefWorks. Select "Save." Select "Export to New RefWorks." If you are using a personal computer, notice that you can check a box to avoid this step in the future. Log in to your RefWorks account if you're not already. Select "Ok." Your references should automatically be imported into RefWorks.

Thanks for watching. Please contact us - through any means that works for you - if you have questions.

Watch Video

How to Set Up a New York Times (ProQuest) Alert

Here's how to set up an alert to the New York Times to be informed of each day's stories. First, you need to go to the database, And one way is to start at the Library homepage,, and select the "A to Z Databases" link below the search box. Then we'll go to the "N" page for New York Times. Notice that there are two options. This one is the historical database and this other one has the current content. So you'll select this link. After you arrive at the database, instead of running a search, you'll choose "Publications" and choose from the six New York Times publications that are part of the database. So you can see those here. For this example, I'll select the first one. You do have to set up a separate alert for each publication. On the next page, you'll select Create Alert. And to keep the alerts to a minimum, select "Only when full text is available." Enter your email address, change the subject line, add a message if you want. You might set the alert to last for a year. And also notice that you'll receive a reminder when the alert is about to expire. Then select "Create Alert." You'll receive a message in your inbox asking you to confirm the subscription. And after you do that, you're all set. You'll receive an alert each morning.
Direct Link

How To: Set Up an Economist (Gale) Alert

To set up journal publication alerts in the Gale databases such as Academic OneFile, select a publication title -- in this example, The Economist -- and on the next screen, select "Create Journal Alert."
Choose email. Then enter the address you wish to have the alert sent to.
Select what frequency you want for the alerts and what format you would like them in. Enter your birth year and agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Statement, after reading them. Then select "Create alert."
You should receive an e-mail confirmation, and you're all set.

How To: Set Up Interlibrary Loan [Transcript]

The Clark Library gives you access to a lot of information, but there's still more available to you, and we can obtain it for you from another library. The Clark Library's interlibrary loan service UP ILLiad enables you to easily request items at no cost to you. You'll want to activate your UP Illiad account. Here's how to do that.
Starting from the library's homepage, select "Borrow and Request" from the left side of the screen, or in the section menu on a smartphone. The UP ILLiad link is the third one on the page. Log in using your UP credentials. The setup screen will have your information already filled out. It's important to verify that your name, your email address, and your status are correct. You can change the other information if you want. Select the "Submit Information" button. And that's it. You're all set for when you need to place requests.
If you ever need to update your profile, you can come back and select my account and then update your information.
You'll use UP ILLiad most often to request articles. It's also possible to request book chapters and whole books, and physical media such as DVDs and CDs.

Watch Video

How to Use NAICS [Transcript]

Welcome to this tutorial about the NAICS System. The North American Industry Classification System, also known as "NAICS," is a system used to organize and statistically record data for businesses that produce goods and resources in the economies of the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Many government and library information sources use NAICS to organize industry data and reports, so knowing your NAICS code can save you time and get you directly to the data and reports you need.

How does it work? In order to classify and keep track of the statistics from each business, NAICS uses a coding system that starts with 2-digit sectors of the economy, which are shown here, and extends to 6 digits. The two digit code signifies the sector a business falls into, such as agriculture, manufacturing, retail, or healthcare. Let's see what the system looks like using the manufacturing sector as an example. The manufacturing sector is represented by 3 two-digit codes. Today we'll look at the system for code 31. Within the system, a code becomes more specific as the number of digits increases.

A three-digit code specifies any industry within the manufacturing sector 31, such as food manufacturing, 311. A four-digit code would then further specify that industry. So if the industry you are searching is food manufacturing,the four-digit code would signify the type of food, such as 3113 Sugar and Confectionary, or Candy, Manufacturing. A five-digit code would then specify the type of sugar or confectionary, such as 31134 for Nonchocolate confectionary or 31135 for Chocolate. The 5-digit codes are common to the 3 countries that use NAICS. Each country can create customized 6-digit codes, such as here where the United States makes a distinction between chocolate made from cacao beans or candy made from purchased chocolate. A NAICS code is complete when it is six-digits long. To learn how to look up the NAICS codes that will be useful to you and your research, please watch the next video in this series. Thanks for watching! If you have any questions, please ask a reference librarian.

Watch Video

How To: Use the Library Catalog [Transcript]

This video will introduce you to the Clark Library's library catalog, also called UP Library Search. You can access it through the search box in the middle of the library's homepage, It's a great starting point for your research because it's a gateway to discovering millions of books, videos, articles, and more available to you through the Clark Library and beyond.UP Library Search contains several collections, and you can change the drop-down menu to search the one that's right for you. One search is for online resources like e-books and online articles. You can limit to the resources that we own with the UP Only search or expand to include Summit, which is a group of libraries in the Pacific Northwest that UP belongs to, that you can request books and videos from. The largest collection in UP Library Search adds articles to the mix. You can access the complete copy of many of those articles. So that's why you might use UP Library Search!

Watch Video

Make an Appointment With a Librarian

This video will show you how to make an appointment with a librarian for personalized help with your research. We can meet with you over the phone through video meetings or in-person. To get started from the library homepage select the Get Help/Contact Us link on the left-hand side. Look for the second option on this page that says make an appointment and select this link. This is our make an appointment page. The first step is to select either in-person, online, or over the phone. In-person appointments take place in the library. Online appointments take place over Zoom, where we can share screens and record this session for you to refer to afterward. And phone is a telephone conversation. For this demonstration, I'll select In-person. On this page, you have the option to choose either a 30 minute or 60 minute consultation depending on your research needs. You'll also see a list of reference librarians if you know who you'd like to work with. Otherwise you can leave it as no preference and you'll see the availability for all librarians. There's a calendar where you can select the date you want to meet. And a list of appointment times that changes according to the librarians' availability on each date. Again, the default, no preference is to see all of our meeting times but if you know which librarian you want to meet with, you can select their name and the availability will update. Our availability might also change depending on whether you want a meeting that lasts up to 30 or 60 minutes. After you've identified the meeting time that works for you select Continue to begin placing the appointment. And this page is our appointment form. Notice that nearly all of the fields are required. It asks first for your contact information. If you asked for phone meeting, remember to enter the phone number where we can reach you. Give us as much detail as you can in the next two boxes so we can prepare for the meeting. The last box asks for your course info. Select that confirm appointment button and you'll receive an email with a calendar reminder. If you had selected a Zoom meeting, the email will include a link to the meeting. The librarian will also receive an e-mail confirming the appointment. We look forward to meeting with you! One quick FYI, you can get to the appointment screen more quickly by using our short URL M-E-E-T See you soon.

Watch Video

Request Online Versions of Books and DVDs [Transcript]

If you're looking for a specific book or video and you're not finding an electronic version through the Clark Library's eBooks and streaming videos, we can try to find an online version. So here's how to do that. Let's imagine that you're looking for a book called  "Terrible Lizard, the First Dinosaur Hunters." You'll want to search in the UP+ Summit part of the catalog so that you have the highest probability of finding the book that interests you. >> So you'll search for that book and here it is. Next, you'll choose the link to the book's full record and go to the yellow bar in about the middle of the page where it says "sign in." Select that link and sign in using your University of Portland credentials. And you'll see that the page has now changed. >> So there's a link to request the book through interlibrary loan. >> And that's how we're doing it. >> We're channeling all of the requests through our interlibrary loan service. You'll log in to the interlibrary loan system. And here's the book request pretty much all filled out. >> You see the authors are missing, so you might have to go back to see who the author is. >> And if you don't have that information, you can put N/A. >> So I filled that in and I noticed there's a message at the top of the page with more information. It says books will be evaluated for potential purchase as eBooks or as print books that will be directly mailed to the requester. >> So if we can't find an online version, we will locate a print book that we can mail directly to you. >> We will be in touch about all the details. So then you'll submit the request and we'll contact you.

Now if you're interested in a video, >> the process is very similar. So let's say you were interested in "Arctic Dinosaurs." You would search for it and select the link to the record. Sign in if necessary. But I'm already signed in from the previous book request, and choose the Request from Interlibrary Loan link. >> That link also goes to a book request, but we will be watching out to see if the request is for a book or for a video. Alternatively, you could use the media request form on the left to request the item. Either way, we'll be in touch and we'll do our best to get you the material that you need.

Watch Video

Save & Share Persistent Links to Library Resources [Transcript]

Hello and welcome to this tutorial about locating persistent links to library resources. >> Now first, why do you need a persistent link to a library resource? >> As you're doing your research as you start to find articles or other resources thatyou're interested in saving, you need a stable way to save links to those resources, whether it's so that you can get back to those resources yourself, or so that you can share links to those resources with others, such as a faculty member or suchas a partner on a project.

Now as an example, if I look at this first article, if I were to just bookmark this page, open it in a new tab, or try to save this URL in the address bar in the browser, this is not a stable link. >> This link will eventually timeout. >> So if I go and get a cup of coffee and come back to my computer, this page may no longer be available. >> Also, if I try to copy this link in the address bar and send it to anyone else to access from their computer, it will not work for them. >> So instead, look in most library databases for an option to get a persistent link. >> It may also be called a permalink, a stable link, document URL. >> It can go by slightly different names, but look for a way to get a link directly from the database.

 So in our EBSCO databases that we get a lot of our resources from this company. >> Look in the list of icons. >> This is usually where the persistent or permalink will be located, so where you can print, email, save, or cite the source. >> You are also likely to find an option for a permalink. >> When I click the permalink link, then I get this box that pops up that shows me the permalink or the stable link. >> I can click once in this box and then do a right-click and copy this link and then save it. >> Save it in a document, save it in an email, put it in a place that makes sense to you to keep track of these links. >> For another example; so here's a result from UP Library Search. >> Again, look for those iconswhere you can do different actions. >> Find the permalink. >> And then I can click the Copy Permalink to Record and copy it into my document or my email.

One more example from Gale Academic OneFile that has a slightly different name: Get Link. >> It's still in that row of icons. >> And when I click on Get Link, here is a link to this resource. >> Now one additional thing to keep in mind, some of these links are set up automatically to work from off campus. >> Others are not.>> If I go back to my first example from the EBSCO databases, this link starts with the >> This is all a sign that this link is setup for off-campus access through UP.

My third example does not start with that >> So this link is not automatically setup for off campus access. >> However, the library offers a resource with more information about persistent links and also with the tool that will help you quickly change these linksso they'll work from off campus. >> So the Persistent Links to Library Resources guide available at >> Here's more information about persistent links, why you might need them. >> And then on many of the pages you'll find this Off-Campus Link Generator where I can copy a link that doesn't automatically work from off campus, such as for my third example, >> I can paste it in this box and click Create Link. >> And now this link has been converted to have that >> So it has this prefix; it'll allow this link to work from off campus. >> And then other tabs on this guide will help you find more information about how to find the persistent or stable link and then how to edit it if needed.

So for example, for the article databases the Gale databases, that third example shows you how to find that Get Link. >> And then here's that off-campus link generator. >> And you'll find similar information for our article databases, our art and music databases, and our video databases, as well as UP Library Search.>> If you have questions about locating resources or getting persistent links, please get in contact with us at the library.>> Thank you.

Watch Video

Saving Items in UP Library Search [Transcript]

Hello and welcome to this tutorial about how to save items in UP Library Search. >> So as you're doing your research, and let's say today I'm searching for information about penguins. >> You might want a way to save items so that you can get back to them later. >> The first thing that I recommend is when you first connect to UP Library Search, sign into your account, so that as your saving items, you're saving them under your own account, so that you can easily access them later. >> And you can sign in either by using the Sign in link in this yellow bar beneath the search box, or choose the Sign in link in the upper right corner of the screen.

So I'm going to choose the Sign in link. >> Choose UP Students, Faculty, and Staff. >> Sign in with my UP username and password. >> Choose that Sign in button. >> And now I'm connected to my account, which I can confirm because I see my name in the upper right corner of the screen. >> Okay, now I'm ready to start saving items, and I can do that in a couple different ways. From my list of search results, I have a pin icon. When I hover over it, it says Save to My Favorites. >> And so I can click on it and you can see it's going to save my item to My Favorites, which is this big pin icon at the top of the page. >> Ok, that's one easy way to save.

Another option is if youchoose the title of any item in your search results to see the full record or the full information about the item. >> You also will see a pin icon in the upper right corner of the screen that also allows you to save to My Favorites. >> So I'm going to choose that. >> And now, let's see, I'm ready to look at the items that I've been saving. >> So I can just go to that big pin icon to go to My Favorites. >> And I'll click that My Favorites pin icon. >> And now I will see a list of all the items that I've saved. >> So I have these two items that I've saved today are at the top of my list. >> And if I scroll a little bit further down,I also will see older items that I previously had saved to My Favorites. I hope this helps you to know how to save items in UP Library Search. >> As you're doing your research, if you have questions, please get in contact with us at the library. >> Thank you.

Watch Video

How To: Find Current Issues of the New York Times or Wall Street Journal [Transcript]

The Clark Library has online access to current issues of The New York Times and Wall Street Journal. This short tutorial will help you use the ProQuest interface to efficiently access the current content. 

To find these newspapers, choose the A to Z Databases link beneath the search box on the library homepage. Choose the letter N for New York Times or W for Wall Street Journal. Scroll through the alphabetical list to the newspaper. The New York Times has two entries in the list. One is a historic back file with full text from 1851 to 2016. The other has current issues and is the focus of this tutorial. 

There are two ways to find issues by date. One is to choose publications from the top menu. You have access to the print edition of the New York Times, its other publications like The Book Review, a Spanish language version, as well as content from their online website, including their blog posts, videos and podcasts. To see articles that appeared in the print edition, choose New York Times Late Edition (East Coast). Then choose a specific date to view. For example, choosing January 19th, displays all the articles that appeared in the print edition on that day. Any articles with photographs are first in the list and lack page number information due to the way that ProQuest receives the data from the New York Times. Articles without photographs display after those in the results list. And they do have page numbers, so are in chronological order, by section and page number. 

To see articles from a specific section, such as the Science section that's published on Tuesdays, choose search within this issue and enter the section name. In this case, science desk in quotes. Now articles that appeared in section D, the Tuesday Science section, are in the results and the full text can be viewed. 

The other way to see a newspaper for a specific day is by starting from the main search screen. You can choose to enter keyword search if you wish. For example, we know "science desk" is the trick for pulling out articles from that section. Or you can leave these blank and then specify the specific date. This time, the results are a mix of articles from the newspaper as well as content from the New York Times website, blogs, podcasts. To see what was in the printed newspaper, choose newspapers from the left column. These are the articles that were in the newspaper on January 19th, but they are sorted by relevance. The articles with the photographs appear first. However, after those are articles without photographs. And to see them in chronological order by section and page number, select oldest first to re-sort them in that order. And as before, you have to scroll past the articles with photographs to start to see those. 

The same search techniques can be used to find articles by date in the Wall Street Journal.

Watch Video

Setting Up an Ebsco Account [Transcript]

This video will show you how to set up a personal Ebsco account. >> The library has over 50 databases through the Ebscohost provider. And one of the common ones is Academic Search Premier. >> If I start searching now and I'm not signed in, anything I do in this search session will not be saved once I leave my browser or if I leave my computer and it times out. >> So to avoid losing work, the best thing to do is to get in the habit of signing into a personal Ebsco accountbefore you start searching in any Ebsco database. >> To do that, go to the purple bar at the top and choose sign in. For those of you that don't have an Ebsco account, scroll down to the bottom of the screen and choose the create one >> now link and fill out the brief form to set up an account. >> Please use your UP email address. >> I already have an account, so I'm going to sign in so you can see what to expect.

Now that I'm logged in, I see my name. So this means the things that Ido during my search session will be captured and there for me >> the next time I log in. My folder has things from a prior search. So I could go take a closer look at things I already marked and needed to look at more closely. >> I can do some organizing of things I've saved. You can use their custom folders to create your own organization system, and I recommend doing that. >> Otherwise, the list becomes really long. >> You can also save searches, which is handy for rerunning a search, especially if you had a big set of results and you haven't had a chance to look through it very closely yet. If I go back to my search mode, I can continue secure in knowing that as I find things and mark them, I can easily have a way to get back to them later if I get interrupted. >> If you have any questions about using Ebsco databases, setting up an Ebsco account or any other questions, please contact us at the library.

Why Use Google Scholar? [Transcript]

This video will show you how Google Scholar can help you with your search for articles and other scholarly literature.
Begin your search in Google Scholar by accessing the library's link to it in our A to Z databases page. Or watch our video on our tutorials guide on linking to the Clark Library through your Google settings. Both options will help you find the full text available through the UP Clark library from your search results.
You will find lots of articles and other types of sources through a Google Scholar search, because Google Scholar locates content from many disciplines. Also, the words and phrases you type in the search box can be located anywhere in the full text of the item.
Besides obtaining many results, you can also see which disciplines cover your topic and then go to the subject guides for those disciplines to locate their specialized databases and find more articles. Ask us for help using the databases.
You'll also be able to see how many times an article has been cited in the publications covered by Google Scholar. Select the "Cited by" link to find newer articles on the topic. You'll see results that include the older article in their reference lists, and you can then view all of those newer items or filter to even more recent ones. You can also search within the citing articles, such as here for "Spanish," to improve the articles' relevance.
The "Cited by" feature is useful when you find a relevant item in a library database or in a reference list, but it seems too old to be useful. You can see if anything newer has been published on the topic by copying the title and looking it up in Google Scholar.
Now that you know how Google Scholar can help you, you'll definitely want to add it to your research tool kit! | 503.943.7111 or 800.841.8261 | 5000 N. Willamette Blvd., Portland, OR 97203-5798
© 2020 University of Portland, All Rights Reserved | Icons made by Freepik from