APA style is used by social science disciplines such as communication studies, economics, education, psychology, and sociology; it is also used by business and nursing.
APA style was created by the American Psychological Association. It is a set of rules for publications, including research papers.
In APA, you must cite sources that you have paraphrased, quoted or otherwise used to write your research paper. Cite your sources in two places:
You might find the American Psychological Association's page of Handouts and Guides helpful, notably
A reference generally has these four elements: author, date, title, and source. Each element answers a question and is listed in your citation in the following order:
firstname.lastname@example.org | 503.943.7111 or 800.841.8261 | 5000 N. Willamette Blvd., Portland, OR 97203-5798
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