Skip to Main Content

University of Portland Clark Library

SW 101: Social Work and Social Justice: Grey Literature

What is It?

Grey literature is literature produced by government, academics, business and industry in print and electronic formats, but which is not controlled by commercial publishers. Therefore, grey literature can at times be difficult to identify and obtain. It includes theses and dissertations, conference papers and proceedings, research reports, government documents, technical notes and specifications, proposals, data compilations, clinical trials, newspaper articles, etc.

These publication types are called "grey" because they are not peer-reviewed. For this reason, grey literature has the advantage of being published more quickly; sometimes all you might have on a subject is in the grey literature.

Some of the Clark Library's article databases will include grey literature such as conference papers and proceedings, theses and dissertations, and research reports. This page provides links to databases and websites providing theses and dissertations, government documents, and newspaper articles. 

Where to Find It

Theses and Dissertations

Government Documents

See the Government subject guide for more options.


See the News subject guide for more options.

Data Visualizations | 503.943.7111 or 800.841.8261 | 5000 N. Willamette Blvd., Portland, OR 97203-5798
Copyright © University of Portland, All Rights Reserved | Icons made by Freepik from